Raw fish with rice and vegetables

Hoedeopbap 회덮밥

Hoedeopbap is one of my all-time favorite dishes, so I’m happy to show you how to make it. It’s made with raw fish, rice, and a spicy seasoning sauce – it’s cool and soft and melting in your mouth, and fresh and spicy.

The key to this dish is to make sure the fish is served cold cold.

You might have guessed already that I love fish, and especially raw fish. So when I went to Mexico and stayed at the beach, I could meet the fishermen as they brought their catch in, early in the morning. No middleman, I could buy the fish as fresh as possible.

When I got the freshest fish in my hand, hoedeopbap was a good choice. It’s refreshing and easy to eat: you mix it all together in a big bowl, like a raw fish bibimbap. Unlike bibimbap, the vegetables are uncooked, so it’s a lot simpler to prepare.

Hoedeopbap with a bowl of doenjangguk (soybean paste soup) simply can’t be beat. You can make a quick vegetarian version of this by substituting the fish with fried tofu.  Also, if you like mint or perilla leaves, add them to the dish.

This is another video that I remade as the original was done in 2008. One of the reasons I’m redoing these older recipes is because they are blocked in some countries due to music copyright laws. In those days, I just used whatever music I liked in my videos, which is causing some problems now. Nowadays I create all my own music.

So for some people, this is their first chance to watch my hoedeopbap video!

Ingredients: Serves 2-3

  • ½ pound of fresh sashimi grade fish: sail fish, tuna, salmon, snapper, or flounder
  • 2 tablespoons roasted sesame oil
  • 2 tablespoons roasted sesame seeds
  • 1 sheet of kim (seaweed paper), roasted, and cut into thin strips, keep in a plastic bag
  • 2-3 bowls of freshly made cooked rice


  • 2 cups worth lettuce, sliced thinly
  • 1 cup worth cucumber, sliced thinly
  • ¼ cup worth carrot, cut into thin matchsticks
  • 2 or 3 tablespoons onion, sliced thinly
  • 1 small tomato, sliced thinly
  • 1 or 2 red chili peppers, chopped

Seasoning sauce (Yangnyeomchojang):


  1. Shave the fish thinly. Keep in the refrigerator.
  2. Combine the soy sauce, hot pepper paste, green onion, garlic, green chili pepper, sugar, and vinegar or limes in a bowl with a spoon. Keep in the refrigerator.

Arrange hoedeopbap:

  1. Put lettuce on the bottom of a plate or large shallow bowl. Add the cucumber, onion, carrot, and tomato and arrange them nicely.
  2. Place the rice in the center of the vegetables.
    steamed rice
  3. Add the fish, shredded gim, and red chili pepper on top.
  4. Sprinkle with roasted sesame seeds and drizzle the sesame oil.


  1. Serve with doenjangguk.
  2. Add the seasoning sauce over top of the fish, and gently mix all the ingredients together with your spoon.

How to prepare the tofu for a vegetarian version:

  1. Heat up a pan and add a little vegetable oil.
  2. Dice tofu into 1.5 cm cubes. Put them into the pan and cook until golden brown.
  3. Turn off the heat and add 1 ts of soy sauce and 1 ts of sugar. Stir until the tofu is coated.

Quick Tofu Doenjangguk recipe:

  1. Put 5 cups of water and 8-10 dried anchovies (with the heads and guts removed) in a pot and boil for 20 minutes over medium high heat.
  2. Remove the anchovies from the pot and add 1½ tbs doenjang (soybean paste). Lower the heat and simmer for 10 more minutes.
  3. Dice 1 cup of tofu into small cubes and add them to the pot. Boil 2 to 3 minutes, then turn the heat off.
  4. Chop up 1 green onion. Sprinkle some over each bowl of soup just before you serve them.



  1. ghostinrags Mishawaka My profile page joined 10/13
    Posted October 2nd, 2013 at 10:00 pm | # |

    Great site, sunshine! My love enjoys her sushi. She loved sashimi. I gave her chirashi and she was hooked. I told her of this holy deliciousness and she scoffed, as did I the first time. Fellow gives me a gorgeous plate of raw fish, then my guy smashed it to a pulp with sesame oil and hot sauce! Hell no! Then I tasted it…. Heaven. I made my love this dish tonite, and she balked at the smashing. Then. She said. Oh. Ohhhh…. OH! Ohhhhh! Wow! Now she understands! More sauce! More! More!!! Lol. Thanks a ton!

  2. llonline My profile page joined 5/11
    Posted June 29th, 2011 at 12:02 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi!

    I’d never had hwedupbap before but now I love it! I’m looking forward to trying it with tofu next time. I’m cooking from your site for the next few weeks and writing about it in my blog. Here’s the link to my attempt at making your recipe: http://pantryshopper.blogspot.com/2011/06/maangchi-2.html.

    Thanks so much for all the work you put into these fabulous recipes!

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted June 29th, 2011 at 6:25 am | # |

      yes, I read your blog! It looks very delicious! “I spent $10 on the sashimi, which was enough for two people… ” The other day I had hwedupbap at a restaurant. It cost about $20.00! It was good but I still preferred my homemade hwedupbap with more ingredients. Good luck with making vegetarian hwedupbap with tofu!

  3. tae108 My profile page joined 2/11
    Posted March 20th, 2011 at 12:11 am | # |

    I was wondering, I just had a similar dish at a japanese restaurant and thought I gave this a try. Do I just use normal rice or do I use sushi (w/ sushi seasoning) rice?

  4. Azngurlish The Netherlands, Enschede My profile page joined 9/10
    Posted December 10th, 2010 at 5:37 pm | # |

    Hi Maangchi!

    I LOVE your site!
    I love korean food and I’m so glad I found your site.
    I have a few questions. Do I really have to use Perilla Leaves? Cause I can’t find it anywhere!

    Thank you very much for your responds.


    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted December 11th, 2010 at 8:38 am | # |

      Skip perlilla leaves if they are not available in your area. You could replace it with mint leaves.

  5. laniekay Richmond, Virginia, USA My profile page I'm a fan! joined 9/09
    Posted May 4th, 2010 at 7:31 pm | # |

    I really want to make this recipe, but do not have access to perilla/sesame leaves in any form. (I go to college in a very small mountain town, with a tiny little Asian/Latino grocery. The woman that runs it says she has never heard of them!)

    Does anyone know what perilla/sesame leaves taste like? Would dandelion greens or arugula work? I will just skip this ingredient if no one knows, and I’m sure it will taste wonderful, but I would like to follow the recipe as closely as I can :)

    • wenstar Sierra Vista, AZ My profile page joined 5/10
      Posted May 12th, 2010 at 4:28 am | # |

      Hi Lanie,
      If you have ever eaten ume (japanese sour salty plum) that is what flavors it. If the lady who runs the store is familiar with Japanese ingredients she may know perilla leaves as shiso leaves. I live in a very small town and they are not available in the two oriental stores that we have but we did have a gardener at the farmers market that was selling shiso plants both the red and the green so you may want to check your local farmers market as “exotic” greens are hip now days. Good luck in your search and Happy eating.

      • joyoon My profile page joined 8/10
        Posted March 14th, 2012 at 11:24 pm | # |

        I agree, shiso leaves is as close as you can get to a replacement for perilla leaves. I live in Japan, and although they look similar, the ones that Japanese people typically eat taste very different from the Korean perilla leaves, they’re not the same type, though it may be the same Genus. But you can use that as a substitute just fine.

  6. Amber727 New Jersey My profile page joined 7/09
    Posted April 28th, 2010 at 10:53 pm | # |


    I think I am going to try this recipe soon! It looks so healthy. I think I will try it without the rice though…. Do you think it will still be tasty?

  7. HoDong
    Posted October 25th, 2009 at 3:07 am | # |

    This video is so cool!!! I finally know how to cook my favorite recipe ^^

  8. josh
    Posted October 19th, 2009 at 10:50 pm | # |

    안녕 망치~!
    회덮밥 is now officially my favorite korean food with 김치 and 불고기 in 2nd place! (^_^)

    oh and what is the korean name of the tofu soup again?

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted October 20th, 2009 at 7:58 am | # |

      It’s soondubujjigae! (순두부찌개)

      • josh
        Posted October 20th, 2009 at 7:34 pm | # |

        oh no
        i meant the soybean tofu soup that goes along with 회덮밥.
        yeah 순두부찌개 또 좋아해요! :]

  9. Gabrielle Lee
    Posted July 13th, 2009 at 1:12 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi ssi,

    Thank you for sharing your wonderful Korean recipes. Your videos are just awesome! Now I get to learn to make my favorite Korean food.

    I have a question about fresh dduk. According to the package, these fresh dduk must be discarded after 24 hours. Mine says today’s date.

    1. If I don’t keep them in the refrigerator tonight, is it still okay to use them tomorrow?
    2. The package only comes with a date and no time, so how do I know when it’s past the 24 hours period?

    Thank you.


    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted July 13th, 2009 at 7:16 am | # |

      I usually keep fresh leftover dduk in the freezer and thaw it out at room temperature before eating or cooking.

  10. Cathy
    Posted June 7th, 2009 at 2:15 am | # |

    Hi! Could you pleease show us how to make cho bap? I heard it is pretty simple, but I’m new to cooking and would love the step by step. You are AWESOME! Thanks~

  11. Anonymous
    Posted May 26th, 2009 at 2:26 pm | # |

    I liked You Hoe Dup Bap I lot
    u r great
    can you show how to make cho bap

  12. Chheng
    Posted May 8th, 2009 at 9:18 pm | # |

    Hi Maangchi,

    I tried making this dish today, but my soup accompaniment tastes a little sour. Is it supposed to be sour?

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted May 8th, 2009 at 9:24 pm | # |

      No, it is not supposed to be sour, maybe your doenjang tastes a little sour? I don’t know.

  13. Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
    Posted March 4th, 2009 at 7:39 pm | # |

    Yes, it will be ok, thanks

  14. Kathleen
    Posted March 4th, 2009 at 2:54 pm | # |

    Hello Maangchi,

    for the soup you made in this video, instead of using dried anchovies (since mine expired) can I use japanese Bonito powder(dashi no moto)?

  15. Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
    Posted December 8th, 2008 at 12:06 pm | # |

    yes, no problem. Get sashimi grade fish when you go to a fish market.

  16. Yvonne
    Posted December 8th, 2008 at 5:20 am | # |

    hi maangchi! i love this recipe!
    just one question..is it safe to eat the raw fish straight like that?

  17. Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
    Posted November 10th, 2008 at 8:26 pm | # |

    Wonderful! Thank you very much!

  18. Chi
    Posted November 10th, 2008 at 1:38 pm | # |

    I made both versions- vegetarian and the other with raw fish and roe- OMG, they were so delious and satisfying. Maangchi you really know your craft.

  19. Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
    Posted November 6th, 2008 at 7:44 am | # |

    yes, you can use white vinegar, too.

  20. myla
    Posted November 6th, 2008 at 2:09 am | # |

    can i use white vinegar in making sauce???
    I already have tuna so I’m planning to try this tonight…

  21. Jenny
    Posted October 12th, 2008 at 8:07 am | # |

    My mom used to add thinly sliced nashi pear in it and that makes sweet and cool, especially in summer…

  22. Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
    Posted September 23rd, 2008 at 11:36 pm | # |

    I don’t remember what pound it was. It was actually more than enough. Delicious!

  23. Jen
    Posted September 23rd, 2008 at 9:28 pm | # |

    I was wondering for the tuna and salmon…are they 1/2 lbs each? It looks so yummy!

  24. Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
    Posted September 11th, 2008 at 11:06 am | # |

    Cindy Choi,
    Good point! Thank you for giving me chance to talk about this.

    I know you are talking about Hwedupbap(raw fish with vegetbles dish) and some vegetable dishes using fish sauce.

    Take a look at the recipe more closely, I posted the recipe for vegetarians by using tofu. All of my vegetarian friends love the recipe, so I posted. Fish sauce could be replaced with salt or soy sauce.

  25. Cindy Choi
    Posted September 11th, 2008 at 10:56 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi. Fish is not vegetarian. Please, you should take all fish, seafood, etc dishes out of the vegetarian category. Also, dishes with fish sauce, fish eggs, should not be in a vegetarian category. It is hard to be Korean and vegetarian!

    • laniekay Richmond, Virginia, USA My profile page I'm a fan! joined 9/09
      Posted May 5th, 2010 at 10:01 am | # |

      The second half of the video shows a vegetarian version using tofu instead of fish and fish roe! It’s quite a delicious substitution. Just fast forward a little in the video :)

  26. Mari
    Posted September 10th, 2008 at 1:25 am | # |

    thanks! i just made this today. it was good. and refreshing. :)s

  27. Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
    Posted September 8th, 2008 at 9:51 am | # |

    Yes, you can omit fish roe in this recipe
    and of course you can eat it without the soup. : )

  28. Mari
    Posted September 8th, 2008 at 8:48 am | # |

    is it ok to omit the fish roe here?
    can u eat this without the soup accompaniment?
    i cant find anchovies at the moment…

  29. Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
    Posted August 26th, 2008 at 9:19 pm | # |

    Hot pepper paste is fermented food, so it will be ok. Put it back into the refrigerator. Don’t worry!

  30. MizzGriz
    Posted August 26th, 2008 at 4:16 pm | # |

    Ooooops!! This is me running to put my hot pepper paste in the refrigerator. Duh!!!!!! Or should I just throw it out if it’s been open a while?(and I bought the large container.)Please let me know what you think.

  31. Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
    Posted August 23rd, 2008 at 6:26 am | # |

    haha, multitask! No, it’s never gross. : )

  32. http://juniperusjosh.blogspot.com/
    Posted August 23rd, 2008 at 3:13 am | # |

    Hey Maangchi! I just moved to Busan and I have a few food questions. I keep going to Lotte and eating these rice cakes that are cut up into cubes and covered in kong garu. They are so good! They are my favorite. What are they called? And is it easy to make them? It seems easy. Just make the rice dough and boil it, right?

    What is sweet rice flour called in Korean?

    And what is ì§�ì�´ì±�? It\’s a banchan that I just bought at the grocery store, but I can\’t find it in any dictionary.

    I discovered that I looooove ì��ê·¼ banchan! You should do a video for it! It\’s so delicious!

  33. Ami
    Posted August 22nd, 2008 at 8:09 pm | # |

    I’m eating and typing comment at the same time!!!
    I know it’s gross but I can’t wait to thank you for sharing this amazing recipe. It’s definitely one of those that make a veggie-hater like me crave for some green. Sooooooo fresh and tasty!

  34. Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
    Posted August 19th, 2008 at 9:56 pm | # |


    Wow, fast! Your successful tofu bibimbap news will encourage many people to try it out with confidence.
    Thank you!

  35. Gabieolie
    Posted August 19th, 2008 at 9:39 pm | # |

    Hi Maangchi,

    I just made the vegetarian version of Hwedupbap – and the taste was absolutely amazing!!! I’m going to have it again tomorrow.

    My family enjoyed it very much. My youngest daughter can’t eat spicy food well, so I just put soy sauce with lots of sesame oil and she ate the whole thing! What a great way to sneak in healthy vegetables in your diet. Thank you so much!!!

  36. Maangchi My profile page joined 7/08
    Posted August 19th, 2008 at 4:41 am | # |

    yes, you can use beef broth or chicken broth.

  37. Jennifer
    Posted August 19th, 2008 at 2:49 am | # |

    This made me hungry lol

    no more food before bed…

    Can I use chicken,beef broth or vegetable broth instead of anchovies?

  38. Oh my Maangchi, this looks so good! Your videos are always very helpful and nicely done. You are a culinary artist! Now I am hungry. =p Thanks again for your service.


  39. Marg
    Posted August 18th, 2008 at 9:52 pm | # |

    Thanks for the video Maangchi. I love watching Dae Jang Geum drama and now Mashinun Chonghon. Your website is fabulous because you take the time to show us really how to make the delicious food. I’ve made many of your recipes already and can’t wait to try this one out.

  40. Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
    Posted August 18th, 2008 at 9:25 pm | # |

    wow, you are fast! Thank you! My video is still in the process of uploading on YouTube. Yes, I keep hot pepper paste in the refrigerator after opening it. You did good job! : )

  41. Karen
    Posted August 18th, 2008 at 8:29 pm | # |

    Maangchi, thank you for posting this video! This recipe looks delicious & so healthy… I can’t wait to try to cook it sometime this week :o)

    Do you refrigerate your hot pepper paste? I buy the same brand as you, but I can’t read the labels on the packaging. I keep it in the refrigerator just in case :o)

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