Braised beef short ribs

Galbi-jjim 갈비찜

Galbi-jjim (braised beef short ribs) is one of the most popular Korean dishes. It’s made with beef short ribs and is often prepared for special occasions.

Traditionally it’s a dish for special occasions such as Korean festival days like Chuseok, New Year’s Day (Seollal), or family’s birthdays, but you can make it for any occasion or as a weekend dish. It’s kind of a challenging recipe but the result is amazing: the meat is almost falling off the rib bones and is tender, sweet, savory, and irresistible.

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This is a recipe from my new cookbook, Maangchi’s Big Book of Korean Cooking, and it’s the first recipe I am posting in 2020, a remake of a recipe and video from 2008! This one is even more traditional than the one I posted 12 years ago, and includes ginkgo nuts, pine nuts, chestnuts and jujubes.

Choose good quality short ribs for this recipe, with lots of meat attached to the ribs. Remove the blood, excess fat, and impurities by soaking and blanching the ribs. If you skip this process, the final dish may smell off. Peak season for chestnuts is late fall, so if you use fresh chestnuts, that’s the best time. Fresh frozen skinned chestnuts are available all year round though, and available in the frozen section of Korean grocery stores. They also sell frozen ginkgo nuts, if you can’t find fresh ones.

I hope you enjoy this recipe, and make it for your friends and family! If any special guests coming over this will be a colorful center piece on the table. It’s January 5, 2020! I hope you are having a happy new year so far, and a prosperous and healthy new decade, too!

Ingredients

Serves 4

For the seasoning sauce and vegetables:

  • 4 dried shiitake mushrooms, washed and soaked in 2½ cups cold water for 3 to 4 hours, until soft
  • ⅓ cup soy sauce
  • ½ cup mirim (aka mirin), or water
  • ¼ cup sugar (white or brown, or swerve)
  • ½ teaspoon ground black pepper
  • 8 garlic cloves, minced
  • 1 teaspoon minced peeled ginger
  • 1 medium size Korean radish (8 ounces to 12 ounces) or daikon, peeled
  • 2 large, thick carrots, peeled

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For the beef short ribs:

  • 2 pounds beef short ribs (8 pieces), rinsed and soaked in cold water for 30 minutes to 1 hour, changing water a couple of times
  • 12 peeled frozen chestnuts or fresh chestnuts (see how to skin fresh chestnuts below; frozen are sold pre-skinned)
  • 2 tablespoons rice syrup
  • 8 large dried jujubes, pitted

For garnish:

  • 12 pine nuts, tips removed (optional)
  • 12 frozen ginkgo nuts, shelled and cooked (optional); see how to shell and cook ginkgo nuts below

Directions

How to skin fresh chestnuts:

  1. Lay the chestnut on the flat side and slice off the flat end, then slice off the pointed end.
  2. Using a paring knife, slice down both of the narrower sides, removing the dark skin inside the shell.
  3. Peel off the remaining shell with your fingers. Trim away the dark skin on the outside of the chestnut so that it is a uniform creamy color.

How to cook ginkgo nuts:

  1. Heat about 2 teaspoons vegetable oil in a skillet over medium-high heat and add some shelled ginkgo nuts.
  2. Add some salt and stir-fry until the skins loosen and the color of the nuts changes to golden or bright green.
  3. Transfer to paper towels, fold the paper towels over the nuts, and gently massage the nuts to remove more skin.

Make the seasoning sauce and vegetables:

  1. After soaking the mushrooms, place a strainer over a bowl and drain.
  2. Measure out 2 cups of the soaking water. If it can’t make 2 cups, fill it with cold water. Transfer to a medium bowl; discard the remainder if you have.
  3. Add the soy sauce, mirim, sugar (or swerve), ground black pepper, garlic, and ginger and mix well with a spoon. Set the seasoning sauce aside.galbi jjim sauce
  4. Remove the stem from each mushroom and reserve for future use, like stir-fried rice. Cut each mushroom cap into quarters and transfer to a plate.
  5. Cut the radish into 1½-inch cubes and round the edges of each cube with a paring knife to make approximately 1-inch balls. Make 10 to 12 balls. Add to the plate with the mushrooms.radish balls
  6. Cut the carrots into 1½-inch cubes and round the edges of each cube with a paring knife to make approximately 1-inch balls. Make 10 to 12 balls. Add to the mushrooms and radish balls. galbijjim vegetables

Cook the beef short ribs:

  1. Fill a large, heavy pot halfway with water and bring to a boil over medium-high heat. Drain the ribs, rinse again, and add to the boiling water.
  2. Blanch for 5 minutes, stirring a few times. Drain and rinse thoroughly with cold water. Wash the pot with soapy water nicely.
  3. Put the ribs back to the pot and add the seasoning sauce. Cover and cook over medium-high heat for 20 minutes.
  4. Stir in the mushrooms, chestnuts, radishes, and carrots. Cover, turn down the heat to low, and cook for 1 hour, stirring occasionally.
  5. Stir in the jujubes and rice syrup.galbi jjim (Korean braised beef short ribs)
  6. Cover and simmer for another 10 minutes, or until the meat is just about falling off the bone. Thicker short ribs will take longer. To check, poke the meat with a wooden skewer. If the meat is tender enough to serve, the skewer should go through easily. If it does not, add some water (about 1 cup) and cook a little longer, anywhere from 15 to 30 minutes, depending on the thickness of the short ribs.
  7. Increase the heat to high and spoon any remaining broth from the bottom of the pot over the meat and vegetables for a few minutes, until most of the sauce has reduced and the meat and vegetables are nicely glazed. galbijjim (Korean braised beef short ribs) 갈비찜

Serve:

  1. Transfer to a large platter, sprinkle with the pine nuts (if using) and ginkgo nuts (if using), and serve with rice and more side dishes.galbijjim (Korean braised beef short ribs) 갈비찜

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214 Comments:

  1. Maangchi New York City joined 8/08 & has 11,865 comments

    anna,
    Yes, you should cook longer until it’s very tender.

  2. anna& has 68 comments

    hi maangchi,
    i’m not very experienced at cooking, but am about to make this dish for my family tomorrow. i am planning to use 5 lbs of short ribs – will this affect cooking time?
    thanks,
    anna

  3. Maangchi New York City joined 8/08 & has 11,865 comments

    hi, Eunyoung!
    yes, maple syrup will be ok even though I have never used it so far. let me know how it turns out.

  4. 조은영& has 2,260 comments

    Hello Ms. Maangchi!
    I’m a korean teenager living in Montreal, Canada. I love your recipies! It reminds me a lot my grandma’s cooking.
    And I have a question: to make the galbijjim sweet and shiny, can I use canadian maple syrup?

  5. Maangchi New York City joined 8/08 & has 11,865 comments

    tina,
    You must like crabs! ok, I will post some recipes for crabs. Keep checking my website.

  6. tina& has 3 comments

    hi ms.maangchi, i just want to learn about how to cook korean food through crabs… thankyou have a nice day..

  7. anlefei& has 1 comment

    Great !

  8. ManduGuk Fan& has 1 comment

    My mom watched your korean recipe video. She likes them and wants this webstie to be in KoreAN. I like your pink hair!

  9. Dong-ho& has 2 comments

    I used to work at a korean restaurant, and the jipsanim always would top the dish with some Pine Nuts. I think it’s the perfect finishing touch!

  10. Maangchi New York City joined 8/08 & has 11,865 comments

    Phoenix,
    no, use honey or brown sugar. The reason I use corn syrup is to make galbijjim shiny and sweet.

  11. Phoenix& has 2 comments

    Hi MaangChi,

    We dont have moolyeot (corn syrup) in here, will Mirin cooking wine works?

    Thanks! =)

  12. Maangchi New York City joined 8/08 & has 11,865 comments

    Gin,
    Wonderful Yeah, this dish will be a main dish if you have a party. Side dishes that go with galbijjim could be some vegetable side dishes such as Kimchi, spinach side dish, bean sprouts side dish (it’s posted in my kimchi stew video), and eggplant side dish. Don’t forget to make some rice. : )

  13. Gin& has 2,260 comments

    Maangchi, I watched this video today and make this dish tonight, it came out perfect! Meat was so tender and good! Which side dishes would you say to make with this dish? I am not good at putting meals together :( I love your web site layout now, it is different than it was?

  14. Maangchi New York City joined 8/08 & has 11,865 comments

    Mike,
    gam-pun-gee (깐풍기) is already requested by others. I will post the recipe someday. Thank you for your request!

  15. Mike& has 1 comment

    Maangchi, I really enjoy watching your episodes and various recipes. Something I have been trying to find a recipe for is gam-pun-gee. Have you or will you be making this dish?

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