Red bean porridge

Dongji-patjuk 동지팥죽

This popular, delicious porridge (juk: 죽 in Korean) is made from dried azuki beans (pat: 팥 in Korean) with added chewy rice cake balls made from glutinous rice flour. The porridge is creamy, nutty, and a little sweet.

The texture of the mashed beans is similar to Mexican refried beans, but thinner. I was surprised when I went to Mexico and tasted their frijole porridge, it was very similar to Korean patjuk!

This recipe is actually pretty simple. It’s just a few ingredients, but every household makes it differently. Traditionally Koreans eat it on winter solstice (dongjitnal: 동짓날 in Korean), which marks the shortest day and the longest night of the year. After the solstice, the days get longer and the nights shorter, so Koreans see it as a “little new year’s day” and something to celebrate. We wish our families and neighbors a happy, successful, and safe year to come by making this special red bean porridge for them.

In Korea, red bean porridge is served year-round as a popular snack or one-bowl meal, but the rice cake balls make this special for dongjitnal. It’s delicious, but also has a lot of symbolism.

The white rice cake balls look like small birds’ eggs and symbolize new life, freshness, and prosperity. They are a little smaller than quail eggs and celebrate the longer days to come.

Koreans believe that the color red wards off evil spirits, so this red porridge wishes good luck for the new year. My grandmother used to smear some porridge on her front door for good measure, and many people would leave a little bowl of it in front of their houses. Go away, evil spirits!

This special porridge is meant to be shared with friends, family, and neighbors. When I was a kid, my mom used to send me out to deliver some of her dongji-patjuk to the neighbors, bowl by bowl, on winter solstice. And the neighbors’ kids brought dongji-patjuk to our house, too. Everyone’s house in the neighborhood would be full of porridge and well-wishes for the upcoming year.

I continued the tradition after I grew up and got married, sending my kids out with porridge on winter solstice.I think it’s a wonderful, warm tradition to be shared with my family and the community.

The video was shot a few weeks ago, and while editing it, my mouth was watering! Tomorrow is winter solstice day, so I’m making a huge pot of dongji-patjuk tonight. I’m not sure my neighbors in New York City will like this traditional Korean porridge, but if I tell them it will give them good luck in the upcoming year in a very delicious way, I’m sure they’ll be happy to try it out! : )

Ingredients (4 servings)


You can use a pressure cooker or just a regular pot to prepare the beans for the porridge. The goal is the same: make the beans soft enough to mash. Once the beans are prepared, make your rice cake balls and then put it all together!

Soften the red beans in a pressure cooker

  1. Add the beans and 8 cups of water to the cooker. Set your pressure cooker to the porridge making function. It should take about 1½ hours to cook.

Soften the red beans in a pot

  1. Wash the red beans and strain. Put them in a large pot with 10 cups of water.azuki beans (red beans: 팥)
  2. Boil over medium high heat for 30 minutes. Turn down the heat to low and cook for another 1½ hours until the beans are very tender and mashable. If the beans are still hard, add more water and cook longer.
  3. Let cool for 20-30 minutes

Mash the red beans

  1. Set a coarse strainer over a large bowl. Pour the cooked beans and the water into the strainer. Mash the beans with a wooden spoon so that the beans go through the strainer and the skins stay in the strainer.patjuk (red bean porridge: 팥죽)
  2. Squeeze the bean skins with your hands and discard.
  3. Put the bean mixture into the pot. If there are less than 8 cups’ worth, add water to make it up to 8 cups.

Make rice cake balls

  1. Put 2 cups of glutinous rice flour, ½ teaspoon kosher salt, and 1 tablespoon of sugar in a mixing bowl. Add the boiling water and mix it well with a wooden spoon. When it cools enough to touch, knead the dough with your hand for 1 minute and put it  in a plastic bag. Let it sit for 20 minutes.patjuk (red bean porridge: 팥죽)
  2. Knead the dough again for a couple of minutes until smooth. If it’s too sticky, add 1 to 2 more tablespoons of glutinous rice flour.
  3. Take some of the dough in your palms and roll it into a ½ inch ball. Repeat to make rice cake balls out of all the dough, about 55-60 balls. Sprinkle some glutinous rice flour over them as you go so they don’t stick to each other.patjuk (red bean porridge: 팥죽)

Put it all together

  1. Stir the bean mixture and bring it to a boil over medium high heat. Add the rice cake balls and stir them in well. Cover and let it cook for 8 to 10 minutes until all the rice cake balls float to the surface.
  2. Mix ½ cup glutinous rice flour and 1 cup of water in a mixing bowl and pour it into the boiling porridge, stirring with a wooden spoon. The porridge will thicken a bit.
    patjuk (red bean porridge: 팥죽)
  3. Add 2 teaspoons salt and stir well.patjuk (red bean porridge: 팥죽)


  1. Serve hot right away.
  2. Prepare some sugar in a small bowl so your guests can add a bit of sugar to taste as they like. Kimchi also makes an excellent side dish.
  3. Keep the leftovers in the fridge up to 3 days.

patjuk (red bean porridge: 팥죽)

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  1. neotifa usa joined 2/22 & has 1 comment

    I know this recipe is older and idk if anybody will see this, but I’ve tried to make this 2 times already, and I feel like the rice cake balls are not firming up, and the porridge is turning into goop. It’s like they’re dissolving, and the balls are just like the dough, but hot. I don’t want to eat raw dough, I’m so confused.

    • kim100 Alexandria, VA joined 8/22 & has 1 comment

      I experience the same (with my mom’s recipe). I want to keep the thinner texture of the porridge/soup w/out the rice balls creating an ultra thick texture. My solution is to boil the balls in another pot of water and then when it’s cooked through, I add it to the porridge and let it cook for about a minute or so. That way you’ll have rice balls that are cooked through but the porridge texture is not overly thick. Good luck.

    • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08 & has 485 comments

      It happens when the rice cake dough is too wet. “Knead the dough again for a couple of minutes until smooth. If it’s too sticky, add 1 to 2 more tablespoons of glutinous rice flour.”
      And be sure to add the rice cake balls to hot boiling porridge. If the temperature is not hot enough, the rice cake balls will easily melt. Good luck!

  2. lemons Chicago, IL, USA joined 3/20 & has 5 comments

    Happy Winter Solstice from my home to yours :) I hope we can all sharpen our skills and cook lots of delicious new food in the coming year!

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