Napa cabbage kimchi

Tongbaechu-kimchi 통배추김치

Hello everybody!
Today I’m going to show you how to make classic, spicy, traditional napa cabbage kimchi called tongbaechu-kimchi, a.k.a. baechu-kimchi or pogi-kimchi. But this dish is so common and iconic among Koreans that we simply call it “kimchi.” When people talk about kimchi, this is the dish they’re referring to, despite the fact that there are many kinds of kimchi in Korean cuisine, and many made with napa cabbage, too.

Over the years I’ve posted recipes for a few of them, but I’ve never made an in-depth video for making tongbaechu-kimchi! I’ve made a video for mak-kimchi (easy kimchi), which is very similar but is easier because you to chop up the cabbage first, and I’ve made an ultra simple yangbaechu-kimchi (emergency kimchi). Many years ago I even posted a recipe showing how to make baechu-kimchi with kkakdugi in one batch. But until now, I’ve never posted the most classic and traditional napa cabbage kimchi.


This kimchi uses the whole cabbage leaf, which makes it more labor-intensive than the other ones on my website, because you’ll need to take time to spread the spicy paste leaf by leaf. It’s more work, but this is the traditional style and if you can make this kind of kimchi well, you can consider yourself good at Korean cooking.

As I mention in the video, my mom used to make kimchi from 200 heads of cabbage! This was kimjang kimchi, made with her friends at the beginning of winter, and meant to last until the spring. 3 to 4 of her friends would come over and help her chop vegetables and most importantly, spread the paste on the leaves. This always needs to be done by hand. They would bring their own rubber gloves, and spend the day talking and laughing, and always had pollock stew or beef radish soup for lunch. They had a lot of fun!

At the end of the day they would take some kimchi home with them, but my mom would get all the rest, which lasted my whole family through the winter. And when my mom’s friends needed to make their winter kimchi, my mom brought her gloves over to their houses and helped them, like they did for her.

In the video I also show you how to ferment it in a traditional onggi. Using an onggi is not mandatory, but for those of you who have one already, this is how you use it! If you don’t have one, just use a BPA-free plastic container, or a glass container.

I answer many other frequently asked questions about kinchi-making in this video:

I hope you enjoy the recipe, and if you love kimchi, I encourage you to make your own kimchi at home. It’s delicious, easy, and a fun thing to do!

kimchi_onggi (포기김치)


Makes about 8 pounds (3.6 kg) of Kimchi
For salting cabbage:

  • 6 pounds napa cabbage (3 to 4 heads of medium napa cabbage)
  • ½ cup Kosher salt


For making porridge:

  • 2 cups water
  • 2 tablespoons sweet rice flour (glutinous rice flour)
  • 2 tablespoons turbinado sugar (brown or white sugar)


  • 2 cups radish matchsticks
  • 1 cup carrot matchsticks
  • 7 to 8 green onions, chopped
  • 1 cup chopped Asian chives (buchu), optional (substitute with 3 green onions, chopped)
  • 1 cup water dropwort (minari), optional

Seasonings and spices:


Prepare and salt the cabbage:

  1. If the cabbage cores stick out too much, trim them off.
  2. To split a cabbage in half without shredding the densely packed leaves inside, first cut a short slit in the base of the cabbage, enough to get a grip on either half, and then gently pull the halves apart so the cabbage splits open. kimchi_cut cabbage
  3. Cut a slit through the core of each half, 2 inches above the stem. You want the cabbage leaves to be loose but still attached to the core.napa cabbage_cut (배추)
  4. Dunk the halves in a large basin of water to get them wet. Sprinkle the salt between the leaves by lifting up every leaf and getting salt in there. Use more salt closer to the stems, where the leaves are thicker.Salting cabbage cabbage_salting (배추 소금절이기)
  5. Let the cabbages rest for 2 hours. Turn over every 30 minutes, so they get well salted. From time to time you can ladle some of the salty water from the bottom of the basin over top of the cabbages if you want to.kimchi_cabbage salting (배추소금절이기) kimchi_cabbage salting (배추소금절이기)
  6. After 2 hours, wash the cabbage halves a few times under cold running water. Giving them a good washing, to remove the salt and any dirt. As you wash, split the halves into quarters along the slits you cut into earlier. Cut off the cores, and put them in a strainer over a basin so they can drain well.

kimchi-cabbage wash (배추씻기)

While the cabbage is salting for 2 hours, and in between the times you’re turning it over, you can make the porridge:

  1. Combine the water and the sweet rice flour in a small pot. Mix well with a wooden spoon and let it cook over medium heat for about 10 minutes until it starts to bubble. Add the sugar and cook 1 more minute, stirring. Remove from the heat and let it cool off completely.
  2. Pour cooled porridge into a large mixing bowl. Add garlic, ginger, onion, fish sauce, fermented salted shrimp, and hot pepper flakes. Mix well with the wooden spoon until the mixture turns into a thin paste.salted fermented shrimp (saeujeot: 새우젓)kimchi_seasoningskimchi_paste (김치양념)kimchi paste
  3. Add the radish, carrot, and green onion, plus the Asian chives (or more green onions) and the water dropwort if you’re using them. Mix well.Kimchi making (김치)kimchi paste (김치속) kimchi paste

Make kimchi:

  1. Spread some kimchi paste on each cabbage leaf. When every leaf in a quarter is covered with paste, wrap it around itself into a small packet, and put into your jar, plastic container, or onggi.
  2. Eat right away, or let it sit for a few days to ferment.

kimchi makingwhole-cabbage-kimchifresh-kimchi (포기김치)

On fermentation:

  1. The kimchi will start fermenting a day or two at room temperature, depending on the temperature and humidity of your room. The warmer and more humid it is, the faster the kimchi will ferment. Once it starts to ferment it will smell and taste sour, and pressing on the top of the kimchi with a spoon will release bubbles from beneath.
  2. Once it starts to fermented, store in the refrigerator to use as needed. This slows down the fermentation process, which will make the kimchi more and more sour as time goes on.

fermented kimchi (포기김치)



  1. Thesa Indonesia joined 1/17
    Posted January 29th, 2017 at 11:46 am | # |

    Hi maangchi, I made kimchi yesterday but it taste and smell like onion dan ginger. Taste a bit bitter like I am eating onion. It doesn’t teste like kimchiWhat should I do to make it better? Thank you Maangchi.

    • Leomax Sweden joined 3/17
      Posted March 12th, 2017 at 3:33 am | # |

      Same happened with me once in the past (although not with Maangchi recipe).
      I suggest you use less green onions next time. Just use half of the amount suggested here in the recipe. Green onions vary in their strength and “onion taste”. You must have used a really strong one.

  2. lufen malaysia joined 1/17
    Posted January 31st, 2017 at 5:19 am | # |

    Thank you Maangchi for one of the best kimchis we’ve ever tasted.
    We eat out at Korean restaurants a fair bit,
    but your kimchi recipe gave us a greater appreciation of the deep and rich kimchi flavors that we’ve never before tasted.
    Thankyou! :)

    Question: How do you prevent kimchi from going moldy? I made a batch and divided it into 3 containers – one of these went moldy (green mould) on top. Could condensation have caused this? Concerned as I will be making another big batch soon.

    • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08
      Posted February 2nd, 2017 at 4:10 pm | # |

      It’s great you like my kimchi recipe! : )
      Regarding moldy kimchi, here is the answer. Check out my making kimchi FAQ:
      “If you keep your kimchi properly, it won’t go bad months and months. Don’t forget to press down the top of kimchi in the container with a spoon whenever you take some. It will prevent your kimchi from being exposed to air. If you see the top of your kimchi already has white stuff (mold), remove the top layer of the kimchi and you still can eat the rest of the kimchi.”

  3. Sio lover Ksa joined 12/16
    Posted January 19th, 2017 at 8:53 am | # |

    Maangchi hi I was wondering can I make the hot pepper flakes in my home because there is no near grocery store in my area so can I get the red pepper and dry it?

  4. earlmel Texas joined 2/17
    Posted February 10th, 2017 at 5:48 pm | # |

    I forgot to rinse the salt off my cabbage. Everything was so pretty too. I added some radishes as I remembered you suggesting one time, but I am afraid my beautiful kimchi will not be editable. What can I do? I was thinking finish the process and add some more cabbage, unsalted, and allow it to soak up the juice, but I am not sure. HELP, please.

  5. Hafizah Malaysia joined 10/16
    Posted January 10th, 2017 at 7:43 am | # |

    Can I use rice flour rather then sweet rice flour? How much do need to put fish sauce if I don’t add salted shrimp?

    • coffee15 Oregon joined 1/17
      Posted January 10th, 2017 at 7:53 pm | # |

      I’d (and am using) all purpose flour if you dont have the sweet rice flour. As for fish sauce, I put an extra 1/3 cup in (or 1/4 if you want it a bit less salty). My kimchi has always turned out great doing those measurements. Hope this helps :D

  6. LoganS Colorado, USA joined 10/16
    Posted January 24th, 2017 at 12:49 pm | # |

    I halved this recipe but otherwise did it exactly as written. It is, hands down, the best Kimchi I have ever tasted. I ate some of it fresh and it’s been in the fridge for a week now. I definitely prefer it well fermented, but it was still delicious fresh. I’m fermenting it in an old cookie jar I got from my parents. The salted fermented shrimp made a big difference compared to other recipes I have tried.

    I had a bunch of leftover radish so I made cubed radish Kimchi with this same paste. It is really good!

  7. pinkgrey Philippines joined 1/17
    Posted January 7th, 2017 at 5:27 am | # |

    I would like to make kimchi but I don’t have a food processor. What should I do? Can I just mince the onions, garlic and ginger?

    • coffee15 Oregon joined 1/17
      Posted January 10th, 2017 at 7:54 pm | # |

      Do you have a blender? It would work the same.

      If not, you need to find a way to make the mincing very very fine. In the food processor, my onion is almost liquefied.

  8. beluc argentina joined 3/17
    Posted March 10th, 2017 at 11:46 pm | # |

    Hi Maangchi,
    I would love to prepare kimchi but I am vegetarian, may I replace the ” fish sauce
    and the fermented salted shrimp” with something else????

    • KimLree joined 3/11
      Posted March 14th, 2017 at 10:32 pm | # |

      How about using soy sauce instead?

      • beluc argentina joined 3/17
        Posted March 14th, 2017 at 10:39 pm | # |

        Thank you very much!!!!

  9. kb4 U P Michigan joined 2/17
    Posted February 2nd, 2017 at 2:43 pm | # |

    The kimchi turns out great. I am ready to make the next batch with oysters. Read through the replies but did not find the answer.

    Can you use canned oysters instead of fresh. Fresh only shows up in the U P Thanksgiving time.

    We usually make 2 gallons of kimchi at a time.

    • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08
      Posted February 2nd, 2017 at 3:06 pm | # |

      We always use fresh or frozen oysters. Why don’t you use frozen oysters sold at a Korean grocery store?

      • kb4 U P Michigan joined 2/17
        Posted February 2nd, 2017 at 5:35 pm | # |

        No local Korean in Upper Peninsula Michigan by me.

        I buy in Louisville Ky when down their. Great Korean grocery store.

        Was just looking for a sub. Might have to wait.

  10. lacus817 Canada joined 1/17
    Posted January 6th, 2017 at 12:41 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi!

    I made kimchi 4 days ago. It turned out great. I would make this again. I was told the kimchi I made is salty. Must be the fish sauce. To me, I find it’s really good. I find using right amount of ingredients by following the recipe is what makes it delicious. If I omit or use less ingredients than what I’m instructed, i think it might not turned out good.

    Is there a way to make it less salty? If so what would you recommend?

    See full size image

    • chibikero93 Malaysia joined 1/17
      Posted January 21st, 2017 at 12:46 am | # |

      Hi lacus817! Try adding a little sugar into your fish sauce! This will reduce the saltiness. I’ve tried it multiple times and this results in less salty kimchi ;) It’s relatively hard for me to get the korean fish sauce / anchovy sauce so I always resort to either thai fish sauce or Vietnamese fish sauce. They are way saltier so I just add sugar to bring it to the korean anchovy sauce taste. Worked perfectly fine for me :D Give it a go!

  11. Kymchi Toledo, Ohio joined 1/17
    Posted January 5th, 2017 at 8:44 pm | # |

    Hello Maangchi! This is my first time attempting to make a Korean dish, I’m super excited. Today is day two of fermentation. When I released the bubbles, I noticed my kimchi has a strong fish odor and taste. I used finely ground shrimp sauce instead of Saeujeot. The Korean grocery store didn’t have Saeujeot. How can I lessen the strong fish taste? My dog doesn’t seem to mind the fishiness!

    See full size image

  12. MBusiness Phladelphia, PA joined 1/17
    Posted January 5th, 2017 at 7:40 pm | # |

    I have been making your kimchi for two yeas now, getting closer to your exact recipe every time, and it keeps getting better. I’m waiting for the cabbage to finish salting as I write this and just wanted to take a minute to thank you for teaching me to make one of my favorite foods!

  13. Sio lover Ksa joined 12/16
    Posted December 24th, 2016 at 7:41 am | # |

    Maangchi I did the kimichi today I know that it doesnt taste and look red as yours because the red pepper flakes are not available in my area so I used pepper flakes that is red brown so do I have to put it in the fridge or keep it out to ferment?

    • BartaBhaus Toronto joined 12/16
      Posted December 26th, 2016 at 3:40 pm | # |

      Hi, I make kimchi quiet a lot so I can answer your question. Once kimchi paste is applied to the cabbage, you have to let it start to ferment at a room temperature, depending on the temperature and humidity time varies, but generally speaking 2 days is enough for fermentation to start. Taste and smell it, you have to see that bacteria has begun to grow, it has to be pungent, sour and alive. Once you transfer your kimchi into the fridge, fermentation continues but at a slower rate. I think it is the best after a couple of weeks fermenting in the firdge, it has a sharp sour taste that wakes you up.

      • Sio lover Ksa joined 12/16
        Posted December 29th, 2016 at 2:01 am | # |

        Thanks alot

      • Thesa Indonesia joined 1/17
        Posted January 2nd, 2017 at 6:49 am | # |

        Hi… I did my first time making kimchi, but when it was fermentating (around 2 days) there are so many water came out from the jar. But I didn’t open the lid because I am afraid to make mistake that affect the fermentation process. Then after 2days I open the container, my kimchi is “dry” I mean there is should be some water right? I think that all the water had come out. Which part I did it wrong? Thanks before

  14. Lisatlh Singapore joined 11/16
    Posted November 28th, 2016 at 11:02 pm | # |

    Hi maangchi!
    I love kimchi and would like to try making it today!
    But i dont have kosher salt, can i subsitue it with normal salt?

    • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08
      Posted December 2nd, 2016 at 5:03 am | # |

      Yes, you can. Check this out, please.

    • dduelm Washington, DC joined 12/16
      Posted December 6th, 2016 at 12:22 pm | # |

      Hi, keep in mind that in case you did not know, Kosher salt is pure salt, that is sodium chloride, and “normal salt” I think you mean, is Iodized salt. I have read that using Iodized salt, since it has iodine in it, can impart unpleasant flavors and cause unexpected colors with the food. One example is when using iodized salt to brine meat. It can make the meat appear disturbingly pink and have an off taste. I agree that Kosher salt is best, and one can also use “Pickling salt” but be careful to use LESS pickling salt than one would use Kosher salt because the grain size of the Kosher salt is so much larger, you could accidentally use too much pickling salt, which resembles table sugar in grain size and texture. I hope this helps!

    • sanne Munich joined 8/14
      Posted November 29th, 2016 at 7:13 am | # |

      “Kosher salt” just means to make it kosher, i.e. to draw out blood.
      Sea salt is the best to make kimchi.

  15. KellyK Iowa joined 11/16
    Posted November 19th, 2016 at 10:25 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi!

    I’m having a problem with my kimchi! Can someone help me? I made kimchi using this recipe for the first time. I put it all in a big jar and left it out on the counter for 36 hours to start fermenting. The jar filled with juice that the cabbage released and the kimchi that was submerged in the juices looks and tastes great! However, the kimchi that was above water level has a stronger sour smell and the red pepper past that used to be red turned yellow?! What did I do wrong?

    • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08
      Posted November 22nd, 2016 at 3:13 am | # |

      It sounds like your kimchi is well fermented. Give the kimchi good mix, press down, and keep in the fridge.

  16. Juansarmen España joined 10/16
    Posted October 6th, 2016 at 1:49 pm | # |

    Hi Maangchi!

    I already prepared your kimchi recipe and and as my girlfriend as me we love it! But I’ve got a question. Once you’ve prepared it how long can you conserve it in the fridge cause the flavour is changing by the time mando we’re worried if could it be dangerous.


  17. KimLree joined 3/11
    Posted March 14th, 2017 at 10:17 pm | # |

    Hello Maangchi,

    I made kimchee for the first time using your recipe 2 days ago. I used grated Asian pear instead of the sweet rice flour porridge for the binder and left out the buchu, minari, and sugar. It turned out FANTASTIC! I am so pleased and happy with how delicious it turned out and so is my family!! Thanks so much for sharing your recipe!!!

  18. Panda Chan Malaysia joined 3/15
    Posted March 12th, 2017 at 11:30 pm | # |

    Hello maangchi, I make this kimchi yesterday. But I don’t have fish sauce in hand at the time, so I’m using soy sauce instead. And I can’t find korean radish in stock in my market so I use daikon instead. Also I put in lots of carrots, buchu & spring onion. Can’t wait to taste my kimchi. Thank you for sharing this recipe.

  19. Dena USA joined 3/17
    Posted March 12th, 2017 at 4:27 pm | # |

    Can you leave kimchi on the counter top for 2-3 days to jump start the fermentation?

    • KimLree joined 3/11
      Posted March 14th, 2017 at 10:31 pm | # |

      I would say yes. I left my container of kimchee out on my kitchen counter for 2 days and kept it covered with a dish towel. It turned out FANTASTIC!

      • Dena USA joined 3/17
        Posted March 15th, 2017 at 6:08 pm | # |

        Thanks, Kim. I did the same (well actually had the lid on it) and it tastes quite tangy! lol I didn’t get sick from eating it so I figured it was fine but thought I’d ask. :)

  20. Leomax Sweden joined 3/17
    Posted March 12th, 2017 at 4:03 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi!
    I want to sincerely thank you for this recipe! I make kimchi since many years ago and tried many of its variations before but I find kimchi made as per your above recipe as absolutely the best one.
    Here below is my recent bunch of kimchi. We simply can’t get enough of it!

    Thank you again!

    See full size image

  21. LeahCao Vietnam joined 3/17
    Posted March 3rd, 2017 at 11:47 pm | # |

    Hello Maangchi,
    I’m your huge fan from Vietnam. Luckyly, I made Kimchi follow your recipe and it tastes good. But I still have a question.
    Can I use 1/4cup fish sauce instead of 1/4cup saeujeot because I can’t find fermented shrimp paste in my country?
    I hope you’ll answer my question. Hope you always be happy.

    • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08
      Posted March 6th, 2017 at 10:16 am | # |

      Yes, you can replace salty fermented shrimp with fish sauce. Yes, I’m trying to be always happy! Thank you! : )

      • LeahCao Vietnam joined 3/17
        Posted March 6th, 2017 at 10:23 am | # |

        Thank you for replying me. You made my day. Love ya!

  22. LadyWolfe Twin Cities, Minnesota joined 3/17
    Posted March 3rd, 2017 at 2:07 pm | # |

    Maangchi, you’ve made this household SO HAPPY! Kimchi is a favorite around here, and now I can make it for everyone. This looks, smells, and I’m certain will be wonderful. We’re letting it ferment for a couple of days before testing, but I can’t imagine anything but amazing with the included ingredients. Thank you, Maangchi, you have a new fan. :)

    See full size image

    • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08
      Posted March 6th, 2017 at 10:22 am | # |

      Your first line makes me totally happy! : ) Congratulations!

  23. RafaelT Indonesia joined 2/17
    Posted February 15th, 2017 at 6:10 pm | # |

    I can’t believe made kimchi for the first time in my life! It taste so good and easy to make from ur recipe maangchi. Thanks! ♥

    See full size image

    • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08
      Posted February 16th, 2017 at 11:05 am | # |

      You made awesome looking kimchi! I’m sure it tastes so good, too! Congratulations!

  24. jamorgan3777 Wisconsin joined 2/17
    Posted February 11th, 2017 at 6:21 pm | # |

    Hello Maangchi!! I am a huge fan and I just made your kimchi recipe. It turned out fantastic! Just like the kimchi we have at our favorite Korean restaurant. It was not nearly as hard to make as I thought it was going to be. We were not able to find the salted shrimp so we use shrimp paste in oil (3tbps innstead of the 1/4 cup of salted shrimp).
    Thanks for all that you do!

  25. Kiyomice United States (Kansas) joined 2/17
    Posted February 4th, 2017 at 4:20 am | # |

    Thank you so much! You’re the best. I have made my own kimchi with your help, though I only used a tiny bit of red pepper flakes because I didn’t want it to be very spicy. So it’s not very red ^_^

    See full size image

  26. ctzen Malaysia joined 2/17
    Posted February 3rd, 2017 at 3:42 am | # |

    Maangchi, tomorrow me and my friend are planning to make this napa kimchi (twice the portion), oisobagi, gochusobagi, dubu jangajji, and sigeumchi-namul… Too ambitious? Is it possible to make pear kimchi? It sounds good in my head…..

  27. Thesa Indonesia joined 1/17
    Posted January 2nd, 2017 at 6:39 am | # |

    Hello Maangchi
    I have tried your kimchi recipe, but unfortunately I bought wrong chilli. I used “Taeyangcho gochujang” but the kimchi can still be eaten. Taste so sour. I have question about how should I ferment the kimchi, should I put it in an airtight container? Because My friend said that the kimchi should not be exposed to air during the fermentation process, is it true? So what I did is close the jar with thick plastict make sure that it is airtight. Then after 2 days I open the lid then put it in the refrigerator. But it tase so sour. Next time I will try to make it, what should I do? Is it okay that the container is not airtight?
    Thank you so much…

  28. anniekd Ohio joined 12/16
    Posted December 31st, 2016 at 1:21 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi, I made your kimchi tonight and it’s fabulous! The only thing I did different was that I chopped the cabbage into bite size pieces. I plan on giving it to my friends and family. They will love it, too! Thank you for a great recipe, video and pictures.

    See full size image

    • Raya Canada joined 12/16
      Posted January 1st, 2017 at 8:48 pm | # |

      Your kimchi looks great! Happy new year~

    • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08
      Posted January 3rd, 2017 at 11:35 am | # |

      Looking at the jars of your kimchi in the photo makes me feel cozy and satisfied! I can see your happy family through the jars filled with your lovely kimchi!

  29. Raya Canada joined 12/16
    Posted December 29th, 2016 at 3:29 pm | # |

    Hi everybody! I made this kimchi batch last night and tasted it today it was perfect. Thanks to your great recipe Maangchi! I added a cup and a half of hot pepper flakes since i like medium heat. If you don’t have radish, make sure the cabbage leaves aren’t salty before adding the kimchi paste. If you have extra kimchi paste, just add it on top of your kimchi like i did here!

    Happy cooking!~

    See full size image

  30. sueean183 Malaysia joined 12/16
    Posted December 27th, 2016 at 11:23 am | # |

    A total success for me. Thank you Maangchi !! Love you loads….

    See full size image

    • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08
      Posted December 27th, 2016 at 11:50 am | # |

      Your success makes me happy this morning! Congratulations, kimchi maker! : )

  31. ystan Malaysia joined 12/16
    Posted December 13th, 2016 at 6:45 am | # |

    I just make kimchi today use your recipe,just change a little to suit the spicy taste only,is first time do.i just ferment it about 5hrs coz i at malaysia ,the weather is much more humidity and quite warm.i will see how the taste after few day.thank you for sharing.

  32. Estie Singapore joined 12/16
    Posted December 8th, 2016 at 4:24 am | # |

    Maangchi, HELP!
    I cooked too much porridge. My cabbage shrinked after soaking it with sea salt. :(
    What can i do with the remaining porridge?
    Thank you.

    • BartaBhaus Toronto joined 12/16
      Posted December 26th, 2016 at 3:48 pm | # |

      Cabbage shrinks after soaking it with salt, because salt draws water out of it, makes it soft and easy to make rolls out of it. The amount of salt needed is just a small pinch between each leaf, and after 2 hours it will become soft enough for you to roll. So applying ample amounts of salt is unnecessary. And there is no such thing as too much porridge, porridge is a body of your kimchi, it will become a fermented paste that is great on its own, or as a flavour enhancer of your favorite dish. Sometimes I just take a few spoons of paste from my kimchi jar, without cabbage, and mix it into rice or pasta. Mix all your veg, garlic, ginger etc. with your porridge and use it all for your cabbage. Your cabbage could be swimming in it and that is absolutely fine.

  33. SuzyCreamCheese Florida joined 1/15
    Posted November 27th, 2016 at 7:43 pm | # |

    I made Cabbage Kimchi using the recipe in your cookbook. Can’t wait to try fresh tomorrow. Very easy to make from the recipe.

    See full size image

    • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08
      Posted December 2nd, 2016 at 5:00 am | # |

      It looks awesome! Juicy and crispy kimchi! I’m sure you loved the taste!

  34. Jeffery Ohio, USA joined 11/16
    Posted November 22nd, 2016 at 5:37 pm | # |

    I made this Kimchi a few days ago. Due to food allergies, I had to leave out the fish sauce. I decided to try the kimchi today and it’s starting to get a little sour. It was delicious, but I can only imagine it will taste even better over time. Thank you Maangchi. I’m in love with all of your recipes.

    See full size image

    • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08
      Posted December 2nd, 2016 at 4:45 am | # |

      Your kimchi looks very tasty! Congratulations!

  35. Aeresmei7 Philippines joined 11/16
    Posted November 12th, 2016 at 11:04 pm | # |

    Hi Maangchi! Thank you very much for this recipe! I’m from the Philippines and I have always wanted to make my own kimchi but couldn’t because well I don’t know how and there are no ingredients available. I recently found a korean mart near our house and bought some ingredients there. though they didn’t have the fermented shrimp. Instead I bought “Fresh Alamang” that’s the small shrimp in our market and just fermented it in salt for a week… also tried your fermented squid… didn’t know if it would turn out ok. But it was actually really good… hehe… so I made the kimchi with your recipe but I made a mistake with the amount of garlic. I thought it wouldn’t be ok because it had that bitter after taste when I first tasted it. But I read here that I should ferment it a bit first. So I left in a shaded area of the house overnight (its very humid here) and when I tasted it again when I woke up it tasted great! I’m really Happy! My brother and I really love korean food… I’ll try cooking spicy rice cake next since I bought some gochujang. Again Thank you!

  36. TXChris Dallas, TX joined 11/16
    Posted November 10th, 2016 at 9:17 pm | # |

    After upwards of 8 years or so of trying to make kimchi off and on, and failing every time to get it right, I finally stumbled onto this video, the first one of yours I ever watched, recently. I’ve become a huge fan and now I not only have a batch of kimchi fermenting away under my sink, I plan on making doenjang-jigae tomorrow night for dinner to have with it! Thank you for sharing your knowledge and skill with us, Maangchi!

    • TXChris Dallas, TX joined 11/16
      Posted November 13th, 2016 at 12:08 am | # |

      UPDATE: I busted out the kimchi along with some rice, for dinner, tonight, and it was fantastic. Sour and just spicy enough. I may have let it stay under the sink a bit too long, but I like it anyway. I’m happy! 감사합니다!

  37. Sora93 Denmark joined 10/16
    Posted October 30th, 2016 at 3:17 pm | # |

    I have made this twice alone and once with a friend. I don’t always have all the ingredients, but with the cabbage, carrots, spring onions and seasoning I have had homemade kimchi in my fridge for a year. Love this recipe!
    The picture is of the kimchi I made Wednesday. It was bubbling away Thursday after work and is now resting in the fridge.

    See full size image

  38. paulinaj Bermuda joined 10/16
    Posted October 25th, 2016 at 12:40 am | # |

    Hello Maangchi!

    I lived in Korea for a few years, fell in love with kimchi, and finally decided to try making it myself. However, my kimchi tastes very strange. It has an unusually bitter aftertaste. I could not find saeujeot, so I used Thai shrimp paste with bean oil, and instead of buchu, I used Chinese flowering chives (garlic chives). Could these two substitutions be the cause of the odd flavour? Otherwise, I followed your recipe EXACTLY… or so I think?!

    P.S. I love your website and your cookbook ~ thank you! ^_^

  39. Cathy Wong Singapore joined 10/16
    Posted October 17th, 2016 at 1:41 pm | # |

    Thanks Maangchi! This is my 1st time made kimchi. The seasonings and spices taste very nice. Im so happy that finally i can prepare homemade kimchi. Now i’m going to ferment it.

    But i got a question about the cabbages. I accidently sprinkle double volume salt in the cabbages. So after 2hours, i tried to wash many times but the cabbages are still taste very salty. Is this normal or is about the amount of salt i put?

    Thanks again!

  40. Feli INFIRES by Korea Singapore joined 10/16
    Posted October 8th, 2016 at 12:59 am | # |

    Hello maangchi !!! 안녕하새요 my name is Feli 배소린 im 14 years old i love everything about korea especially cooking !! So i went to korean grocery store yesterday and brought so much so i decided to make KIMCHI !!!! And i made it !! Now i waiting for it to ferment THANK YOU SOO MUCH !!! 사랑해요 감사합니다 !!!

    See full size image

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