Young summer radish water kimchi

Yeolmu mulkimchi 열무 물김치

Yeolmu mul kimchi is usually eaten in summer in Korea. Making bibimbap with barley rice, doenjang jjigae, yeolmu kimchi, hot pepper paste and sesame oil is one of the most popular and delicious dinners for hot summer. My mouth is watering while writing this explanation!


4 pounds of yeolmu (young summer radish), salt, flour, fish sauce, sugar, garlic, ginger, onion, green chili pepper, red chili pepper, and water.

Prepare the young summer radish (yeolmu):

  1. Peel the radishes and remove any dead leaves.
  2. Cut into pieces about 5 cm long and put them into a big bowl. Soak in cold water and drain.
  3. Add ½ cup of salt and mix with your hands. Let it sit for 30 minutes.
  4. 30 minutes later, turn it over to salt evenly and let it sit another 30 minutes (total salting takes 1 hour).
  5. Rinse and drain the salted yeolmu thoroughly until all the grit and dirt are removed.  Drain in a colander and set aside.

Make porridge:

  1. In a small pot, mix 1 tbs flour and 1 cup of water and heat it over medium heat until cooked.
  2. Occasionally stir the mixture until the liquid thickens.
  3. Add 1 tbs sugar.
  4. Remove from the heat and let it cool down.

Make yeolmu kimchi:

  1. Slice 1 cup’s worth onion thinly, mince ½ tbs of ginger, chop 2-3 red chili peppers, 2-3 green chili peppers, mince 4 cloves of garlic, and put them into a large bowl.
  2. Add 2 tbs of hot pepper flakes, the porridge, and ¼ cup of fish sauce. Mix well.
    *tip: You can replace fish sauce with 2-3 tbs of salt
  3. Add the yeolmu and mix by hand.
  4. Transfer to a container or glass jar.


Add water (mul) to make yeolmu mulkimchi:

  1. Mix 8 cups of purified water and 2-3 tbs salt in a bowl. Pour into the jar of yelomu kimchi and mix well.
    *tip: You can use boiled but cooled down water

You can eat it right away, but if you prefer it fermented keep the jar at room temperature for a couple of days. Normally, it should be stored in the refrigerator.


* Serve with rice. You can add some ice cubes to each serving 



  1. Cutemom Indonesia My profile page joined 3/13
    Posted June 1st, 2015 at 1:04 pm | # |

    Hi, Maangchi!

    I actually found some yeolmu last week at a local korean market. I made all 2.5kg of them into kimchi. I got 2 a liter jars full of yummy yeolmu mulkimchi. I was making baek kimchi so i add the remainder of the brine i made for dongchimi and baek kimchi into them.

    Since it’s quite hot out here in Indonesia, they ferment quickly. I only left them out for the whole day and they were ready to go into the fridge.

    I made doenjang jigae today and since it’s so hot i decided to make bibimbap like you suggested in this recipe. OMG, the yeolmu kimchi combine with the vegetables in the doenjang jigae plus gochujang and sesame oil is super tasty. I also added some dubu jangaji for protein. It was amazing. I think I’ll make more tomorrow. My son doesn’t usually like to eat rice but this bibimbap he gobbled up like he hasn’t eaten anything for 2 days. We finished the rice i made for the day at lunch. I ended up making naengmyeon for dinner.

    Thank you so much for sharing the recipes. Korean food is really good to eat at all season. I can eat a lot without worrying about gaining weight. When I gained weight from eating too much rich Indonesian food, i lay them off and eat rice with kimchi, doenjang jigae or guk, always keep dubu jangaji in my fridge. After just 1 week of rice or noodle with korean food and kimchi, i lost most of the weight i gained. So hansik become my weight loss food. Tasty and healthy, what more can I ask for?

    Thank you,


  2. joykim303 Bethlehem, PA My profile page joined 7/14
    Posted July 21st, 2014 at 11:06 am | # |


    I wanted to express my appreciation for sharing all of your recipes, Young summer radish water kimchi is one of my husband’s favorite summer dish. Keep up the good work!

  3. Chibiko Honolulu, Hawaii My profile page joined 3/14
    Posted April 18th, 2014 at 5:42 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi, I love watching your videos and enjoy making your recipes. Before the summer comes, I want to store the young radish kimchi in the fridge. However, I don’t know how long I can keep it in the fridge. Can you tell me(@-@?

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted July 14th, 2014 at 12:23 pm | # |

      You can eat it until it runs out just like other types of kimchi but it will get sourer as time passes. I usually finish eating yeolmu kimchi in 2 weeks.

  4. Cutemom Indonesia My profile page joined 3/13
    Posted March 8th, 2014 at 11:57 pm | # |

    Maangchi ssi,

    Last time I thought that I found some yeolmu but it wasn’t yeolmu after all. It was young daikon radish with the leaves in tact. I used it to make this recipe and I found it tasty but the leaves too tough to eat hence I use the leave in my doenjang jigae.

    Could I actually use those young daikon in place of yeolmu? Would it affect the taste considering korean radish is sweeter than daikon? Also when I first made this recipe with the young daikon, the juices was a bit cloudy. I used sweet rice flour porridge as I was out of regular flour at the time. Was the sweet rice flour the cause for the cloudiness of the juices?


    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted July 14th, 2014 at 12:26 pm | # |

      Hi Ima,
      Yes, you can make kimchi with radish top but the kimchi should be made when they are tender. “the leaves too tough to eat hence I use the leave in my doenjang jigae” yes, you did a good job.

  5. [email protected] korea My profile page joined 11/11
    Posted June 24th, 2013 at 1:10 am | # |

    hi maangchi, i love watching your video. thanks for being there hmm. i just wanna know if it is good to substitute the 열무 to 단배추?

  6. sazji Istanbul, Turkey My profile page joined 1/13
    Posted January 11th, 2013 at 7:58 pm | # |

    This looks beautiful…another thing to grow this summer!

  7. professortony Vietnam My profile page joined 4/12
    Posted April 28th, 2012 at 9:22 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi,
    I really love naemyeon, especially in the summer when it’s very hot. It now is at where I live. I used to eat these cold noodles when I was still in the states. Here, I no longer have a chance to and it’s such a pity. I now crave this delight, but I actually don’t live near any korean market; so that’s a bad thing. I had this idea of making my own yeolmu kimchi but I can’t seem to find any yeolmu in my area. What can I use in place of yeolmu, Maangchi? Please help me out a.s.a.p.

  8. professortony Vietnam My profile page joined 4/12
    Posted April 27th, 2012 at 12:44 pm | # |

    Hi Maangchi,

    I love your cooking and all but I have a slight problem. I’m interested in making your yeolmu kimchi but I can seem to find yeolmu at my area. What can I replace it with in order to make that delicious vegetable, Please help me out a.s.a.p. Peace out!

  9. jubies33 arizona My profile page joined 6/11
    Posted June 8th, 2011 at 12:21 pm | # |

    I was just curious if there was a specific reason for using a stainless steel bowl or could I use glass or plastic?

  10. JB Atlanta, GA My profile page joined 5/11
    Posted May 25th, 2011 at 8:03 pm | # |

    Thank God I found this site. I was stationed in Korea for a year in the late 90’s. I love the food, and there’s only one Korean restaurant anywhere close to me, and it’s really not that close….

  11. luke1979 Canberra Australia My profile page joined 6/10
    Posted November 19th, 2010 at 7:24 am | # |

    I was able to get a bunch a seeds from a Korean friend and planted them, I finally made my first home grown batch before I left for my holidays, I like mine with a bit more fish sauce, I have to say since I have found your site which was a while ago all I eat now is Korean food :-) lost a bit of weight too actually about 14 kilos :-). I have used this chopped up fine with some raw chopped up tuna and made gimbap with it. Thanks

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted November 19th, 2010 at 11:23 am | # |

      “I like mine with a bit more fish sauce..” omg, you are big fan of fish sauce! Me,too!

      “I lost a bit of weight too actually about 14 kilos”
      Wow good news! I’m so happy for you! 14 kilos is a lot! If you want, please leave your tip for weight control here on the forum. Let’s share good information and help each other.

  12. sunae My profile page joined 9/10
    Posted September 9th, 2010 at 12:29 pm | # |

    I was wondering if I could use Daikon and daikon leaves instead of the young summer radish? I live in Argentina and I’ve never seen young summer radish. I want to make Naengmyeon (cold noodles).

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted September 10th, 2010 at 10:10 am | # |

      “Daikon and daikon leaves” sounds great to me! Let me know the result later.

    • man0fsteel Redondo Beach, CA My profile page joined 5/10
      Posted July 12th, 2014 at 4:40 pm | # |

      I just bought a large daikon at the farmers market and it had all the leaves intact. Did you ever try making this mul kimchi from the leaves? Another poster said they were tough. Just wanted to know about your experience. Thanks!

  13. mokpochica Michigan My profile page I'm a fan! joined 1/09
    Posted August 5th, 2010 at 11:48 pm | # |

    I made this for the second time tonight because one of my daughters loves it. I have never seen her eat kimchi so well until I made this recipe. My husband said that he would like just regular yeolmu kimchi (without the mul) and I was glad to see that you said in your video that you can just eat it as is (without the water). The batch without the water seems salty to me, but if it doesn’t taste right I can always just add water.

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted August 8th, 2010 at 6:04 am | # |

      I’m glad to hear that your family love yeolmu kimchi. If you want yeolmu kimchi instead of yeolmu mulkimchi (with water), use less salt and fish sauce. 1/2 cup fish sauce is too much for yeolmu kimchi. Use about 3 tbs fish sauce.

  14. vortexae Boulder, Colorado, USA My profile page joined 6/10
    Posted June 25th, 2010 at 12:25 am | # |

    I have just made this mulkimchi with red round radishes and, since they didn’t have any of their leaves, a bit of curly kale. It tastes so good fresh, and it looks so pretty, it’s almost a shame to cover it with water and ferment it! What a fantastic way to use up the radishes from the past few weeks’ CSA pick-up. I will try to send you a photo.

  15. sirdanilot Terneuzen, The Netherlands My profile page joined 10/09
    Posted March 20th, 2010 at 11:33 am | # |

    maangchi can I use those tiny red radishes to make this kimchi or will it not ferment properly (as in, rot or taste bad…)? if so can I add the leaf part too?

    or could I use cubed daikon radish? I see some recipes online with daikon radish but the ingredient amounts wheren’t exact so I wasn’t too sure…

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted March 21st, 2010 at 1:29 am | # |

      yes, you can use red radishes (with leaves) to make kimchi. It’s delicious! cubed daikon? yes, you can.

  16. mona
    Posted November 1st, 2009 at 8:21 pm | # |

    i was wondering if u can make a video of mul kimchee ..which u use daikon,onion springs,suger,salt,green chilly,nashi pear and garlic..and u put it in a jar to ferment it..it wud be nice if u can do that..i hardly find any exact details using these ingredients…and not much info about it..thnkx

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted March 21st, 2010 at 1:31 am | # |

      oh, ok,you can make so many different kinds of mulkimchi. I used yeolmu (young summer radish) in this recipe. More mulkimchi recipes will be coming in the future. Thank you!

  17. ddrfan210
    Posted September 6th, 2009 at 5:30 pm | # |

    are there any other types of fish sauce?

    my brother can’t eat fish like. catfish, perch, shrimp, crawfish, crab, most fish that feed off the bottom of water lakes. he’s hebrew.

    • hanaxela My profile page joined 1/10
      Posted February 13th, 2010 at 8:51 pm | # |

      You can buy a fish sauce that was made from anchovies (a Kosher fish). I just bought some the other day (we eat Kosher).

    • orionflux My profile page joined 8/09
      Posted February 14th, 2010 at 3:30 am | # |

      hanaxela is correct. i am a messianic hebrew & i keep a “clean” diet, so i don’t eat those types of things, either.. you can use anchovy fish sauce. :) anchovies are a “clean” fish. any time any recipe calls for fish sauce, i use some made from anchovies.

  18. j_0252
    Posted August 29th, 2009 at 12:07 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi!

    I was wondering instead of using flour can you use sweet rice flour? Thank You!

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted August 29th, 2009 at 10:38 am | # |

      hmm, I have never used porridge made with sweet rice flour for mulkimchi, but why not? By the way, you can skip the porridge if you want to clear soup kimchi. I sometimes make mulkimchi without making porridge.

  19. jo
    Posted August 21st, 2009 at 10:15 pm | # |

    but how much salt instead of the fish sauce?? thanks so much for this btw. i really love your site. =)

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted August 22nd, 2009 at 1:41 am | # |

      My recipe says “Add 1 tbs sugar (optional) and ½ cup of fish sauce (you can replace this with salt)”

      I don’t know how much salt will give the same saltiness as 1/2 cup of fish sauce..

      Why don’t you add 1/3 cup salt first and taste it if it’s too bland or not. If so, add more salt.

  20. Anonymous
    Posted July 17th, 2009 at 3:24 pm | # |

    Hi Maangchi,
    I have been waiting for the summer to make this recipe.
    I think everything turned out good. I wanted to make two batches one with water and the other without. I wasn’t expecting the leaves to take as long to wilt down, maybe I didn’t put enough salt. I made everything yesterday and tasted the water yeolmu and it tasted so good I think by tonight I will be able to refrigerate it. Houston is extra hot this year I think that effects the fermentation possess.
    Thanks to you I’ll have a wonderful dinner!

  21. Sylvia My profile page I'm a fan! joined 9/08
    Posted July 2nd, 2009 at 9:14 am | # |

    Hello Maangchi,
    I had a lot of yeolmu in my garden and made a second batch of kimchi.
    This time it’s fermenting much faster. I have bubbles within 24 hours instead of two days. I know that there are many factors affecting fermentation time, like yeast with bread dough. My kitchen was about the same temperature both times. I am wondering if salting time makes a difference. This time I had to leave it over an hour I got too busy.
    I’m wondering if salting time a factor in fermentation time?

  22. Sylvia My profile page I'm a fan! joined 9/08
    Posted June 28th, 2009 at 4:54 pm | # |

    I made yeolmu mul kimchi with radishes I grew in my garden!! yay for me, I am so excited about this accomplishment. I left it on the counter for 2 days it was nice and bubbly. It is DELICIOUS. Your recipe is easy to follow. I did watch the video a couple of extra times to be sure I had everything in the correct place and timeline.
    Thank you again for helping us learn the wonderful cuisine of Korea.

  23. Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
    Posted February 9th, 2009 at 8:19 pm | # |

    I can’t tell you exact amount, but how about using 1/4 cup-1/2 cup of salt instead of 1/2 cup of fish sauce? I mean start 1/4 cup salt and taste it and increase the amount if it’s too bland.

    • Mac
      Posted April 27th, 2009 at 9:31 am | # |

      I think that even 1/4 cup of salt will be way too much salt to replace 1/2 cup of fish sauce. I don’t like fish sauce taste and usually I don’t even put any extra salt for cabbage kimchi or kkakdukki. The vegetables absorb a lot of salt that comes out into the sauce as it ferments. Maybe 1 – 2 tbsp would be enough?

    • annabanana Vancouver, Canada My profile page joined 2/09
      Posted October 30th, 2010 at 3:13 pm | # |

      I saw a recipe for something else entirely that suggested using two teaspoons of salt plus “lots of peppers” to replace 3 tablespoons of fish sauce…

  24. Anonymous
    Posted February 9th, 2009 at 7:43 pm | # |

    How much salt should I use to replace the fish sauce.

    Love your site!

  25. Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
    Posted January 18th, 2009 at 8:04 am | # |

    I usually don’t use this recipe for cucumber. Cucumber kimchi turns mushy easily. Ask this question on the forum. I hope someone else may give you good answer.

  26. Fiona
    Posted January 18th, 2009 at 1:15 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi

    Thanks for all the great Korean recipes :)

    Would it be ok to use cucumber instead of young summer radish to make this kimchi?

  27. ancestersmemories
    Posted October 27th, 2008 at 11:30 am | # |

    your wonderful

  28. Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
    Posted September 6th, 2008 at 12:59 am | # |

    Sorry, I did not write the amount of garlic in the recipe even though I am showing in the video. You will need to use 3 or 4 cloves minced garlic for this recipe.

  29. kl1278
    Posted September 5th, 2008 at 7:39 pm | # |

    This is a great website. Just a question, the ingredients list says garlic. But how much garlic?

  30. Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
    Posted August 22nd, 2008 at 7:03 am | # |

    No problem, thank you for asking me. : )
    Spinach will not be good material to make kimchi I guess. If you want, why not experiment?

  31. catherine
    Posted August 22nd, 2008 at 3:34 am | # |

    You’ll have to excuse this question since I’m pretty clueless, but is spinach ever used in kimchis like these? Thanks

  32. Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
    Posted August 19th, 2008 at 4:54 am | # |

    Yes, you could make mul kimchi with other kinds of vegetables such as radish, watercress, or green mustard.

  33. anonymous
    Posted August 19th, 2008 at 12:37 am | # |

    Hi – Can’t wait to try this. Could I use other kinds of greens to make it if i can’t find yeolmu? If so, which ones will work? thanks

  34. Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
    Posted August 16th, 2008 at 7:33 am | # |

    Hi, Anonymous,
    You said you want to get contacted when I post a new recipe through email. I don’t know your email address btw.
    Check out http://twitter.com/maangchi and join it.
    The reason I joined it is to update what I’m doing, what I’m cooking including my new recipe.

  35. Acomplia
    Posted August 15th, 2008 at 9:19 pm | # |

    Lovely post. Please add my email address to your list and email me the updates if possible. I always like to read your blog and comment on it.

  36. Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
    Posted June 6th, 2008 at 1:13 pm | # |

    Yes, you can eat this kimchi with noodles. Actually any kind of kimchi goes with noodle soup. My favorite noodles are thin noodles called “so myeon” in Korean. I will post it on my blog soon.

  37. gina
    Posted June 6th, 2008 at 12:33 pm | # |

    is this the kimchee that you can eat with noodles? and if so, can you tell us exactly which noodles to use?

  38. Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
    Posted May 19th, 2008 at 12:11 am | # |

    hellow Ann
    thank you for showing me your cooking photos! Fantastic!

  39. anne.h
    Posted May 18th, 2008 at 12:12 pm | # |

    I love summer dishes with ice cubes in them. esp. neng myun!

    I finally posted pix of my Korean cooking endeavors here. I followed your recipe for all of them, but I substituted paprika for hot pepper flakes in the kimchi jjigae. It was still delicious!

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