Ginseng chicken soup

Samgyetang 삼계탕

Ginseng chicken soup (in Korean, Samgyetang) is a hot, steaming, delicious dish that features a small chicken stuffed with rice, ginseng, garlic, and  jujube. You have to commit to eating a whole chicken all by yourself when you sit down for a bowl of samgyetang! But it’s totally worth it.

A while ago I ran into one of my readers in a restaurant here in New York. He was sitting at a table with his friend.

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The first thing he said was: “Oh man, Maangchi!! I can’t believe I ran into you here!”

We talked for a while and I asked him what his favorite recipe of mine was. He answered “Samgyetang” and told me how he often made it for himself and his mother. I was very impressed!

My original video for samgyetang was one of my earliest videos, made all the way back in 2007! July is a good time to remake it in HD, because Koreans traditionally eat this dish during the hottest days of summer as a way to keep up their energy and to balance their body heat with the weather outside. We have a saying: Yi yeol chi yeol (以熱治熱: 이열치열), which means “fight fire with fire.” If it’s hot outside, you have to overcome it with hot soup!

Koreans designate the 3 hottest days of a year as sambok (3 bok: 삼복) and their dates vary from year to year but they usually fall in July and August. First is chobok (beginning), and then 10 days later is jungbok (middle), and 20 days after that is malbok (last).

During this time, well-known samgyetang restaurants will be lined up outside, and inside they are full of diners eating hot, steamy, ginseng-infused soup, with sweat trickling down their foreheads as they fight fire with fire! Housewives make samgyetang for all her family, too. I usually prepare samgyetang and cold watermelon. After finishing hot samgyetang, finish with cold watermelon. The contrast makes your body feel shocking cold.

So if you like to follow Korean tradition, you can join them in 2015 on July 13 (chobok), July 23 (jungbok), and August 12 (malbok). Let me know how it turns out!

Ingredients

  • 2 cornish hens. Each hen weighs about 1½ pounds, a nice portion for 1 person.
  • ½ cup short grain rice (or glutinous rice), rinsed and soaked in cold water for 1 hour.
  • 2 fresh ginseng roots, washed
  • 2 large dried jujubes, washed
  • 16 garlic cloves, washed and the tips are removed
  • 2 to 3 green onions, chopped
  • salt
  • ground black pepper

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fresh-ginseng (susam: 수삼) cornish-hens

For the sesame dipping sauce:

For  sweet sour soy dipping sauce:

  • 3 tablespoons soy sauce
  • 2 tablespoons white vinegar
  • 1 teaspoon honey (or sugar)
  • ½ a medium size onion, cut into chunks
  • 1 Jalapeno (or green chili pepper), chopped

Directions

Make the dipping sauces:

  1. Combine salt, sesame seeds, ground black pepper, and sesame oil in a small bowl and mix well. Set aside.
    sesame salt dipping
  2. Combine soy sauce, vinegar, and honey (or sugar) in another bowl. Mix well with a spoon. Add onion and jalapeno. Set aside.
    soy-dipping

Cook the chicken:

  1. Strain the rice.
  2. Remove the giblets from the hens and rub them with salt all over to clean them nicely. Rinse under cold running water.
  3. Put the hens on the cutting board, pat dry, and remove any extra fat around the body cavities with kitchen scissors. Cut off the tips of wings if you want.
  4. Stuff each hen with rice, 1 ginseng, 1 jujube, and 8 garlic cloves. Put any leftover rice in the pot.
  5. Place the hens into a heavy pot. Add 8 cups of cold water, cover, and cook over medium high heat for 30 minutes.Samgyetang making (삼계탕)
  6. Turn down the heat to medium and cook another 40 minutes until the chicken, ginseng, and rice turn soft. Open up the pot from time to time and ladle some broth from the bottom over top of the chickens. If the broth evaporates too much, add more water.
  7. Remove from the heat.samgyetang (ginseng chicken soup: 삼계탕)samgyetang (ginseng chicken soup: 삼계탕)

Serve:

  1. Place each hen into 2 individual bowls and add the chicken and broth. Sprinkle with chopped green onion and ground black pepper. Serve with kimchi, the 2 kinds of dipping sauce, and a small bowl of salt on the side for seasoning.
  2. If you serve them in earthenware pots, preheat the pots with a little water inside (about 2 tablespoons) and add the chicken and broth. Let them sit in on the heat until the samgyetang starts to sizzle. Then remove from the heat and sprinkle green onion over top and grind some black pepper. Serve hot with the dipping sauce, kimchi, and a small bowl of salt on the side for seasoning. 

Samgyetang

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162 Comments:

  1. gretta.o MN, USA joined 9/12
    Posted October 11th, 2017 at 3:47 pm | # |

    This was the first dish I had when I went to Korea in summer. So excited to try and make it myself! Thanks for the recipe!! :D

  2. Glo13 California joined 10/17
    Posted October 6th, 2017 at 2:10 pm | # |

    Hello Maangchi,
    I bought a fresh ginseng in the korean store and excited to make my first ginseng chicken. But I still have a lot of left over of ginseng, I want to know how I can keep them for later use and how long i can keep them?

    • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08
      Posted October 19th, 2017 at 10:16 pm | # |

      Wrap it in a paper towel and keep it in a plastic bag, then you can refrigerate for up to one month.

  3. Lovely20032003 New York joined 6/17
    Posted June 24th, 2017 at 8:25 pm | # |

    My first time making Ginseng Chicken Soup and it came out perfect and delicious!!
    Thank you so much for this recipe! My family loved it!


    See full size image

  4. cecilia chile south america joined 5/17
    Posted May 28th, 2017 at 10:09 pm | # |

    Hi Maangchi ! May you help me ? I`m so happy because I bought this bag specially for cooking samgyetang. But ¿ what is this ? ¿ pieces of wood ? Do you know it ?
    I´m enjoying so much your blog and youtube`s videos. Thanks to you I`m prepare tasty kimchi ! ñami !


    See full size image

    • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08
      Posted May 29th, 2017 at 7:29 pm | # |

      Yes, it’s a samgyetang kit. They are Korean herbs that you can add to your chicken soup.

      • cecilia chile south america joined 5/17
        Posted May 29th, 2017 at 8:07 pm | # |

        Thanks !!! but …. I saw pieces of wood , someone very large (5cm) you can see them in the photo , I did not expect it I don`t see herbs :(
        Sorry if I’m annoying . I want to buy more, for that reason I really appreciate your answers, !! a lot !!

  5. HoosierMama Virginia joined 10/16
    Posted October 8th, 2016 at 11:56 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi!! Could this be prepared family style with a larger roaster size chicken? My kids have have an aversion to Cornish hens because they look like baby chickens :-(.

    • sanne Munich joined 8/14
      Posted October 8th, 2016 at 10:29 pm | # |

      Prepare the chicken without the rice, but with everything else (let it simmer until it’s tender), take it out of the pot, keep it warm, remove the oily fat on the broth and cook the rice in the broth.
      Tear or cut the chicken in suitable pieces. Serve it on a big plate and the juk in individual bowls. Dipping sauces as usual.
      We had it this way with friends after harvesting daeju. With lots of banjan and somek… ;-)

      Bye, Sanne.

  6. jmy NJ joined 9/16
    Posted September 21st, 2016 at 1:36 pm | # |

    Hi, maangchi. Do you have some tips for making samgyetang for a large group? Would you put many hens into one extra large pot? Thank you for your help!

  7. sanne Munich joined 8/14
    Posted August 14th, 2016 at 7:20 am | # |

    Tomorrow evening I will cook this – it will be 말복 in Korea then.

    • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08
      Posted August 16th, 2016 at 12:20 pm | # |

      How did your samgyetang turn out?

      • sanne Munich joined 8/14
        Posted August 16th, 2016 at 2:29 pm | # |

        Hi Maangchi!

        Delicious, of course! :-)

        Today (just a few minutes ago) we had hoe (tuna, butterfish, halibut and char).

        Bye, Sanne.

        • sanne Munich joined 8/14
          Posted July 12th, 2017 at 5:25 pm | # |

          This year, 초복 was/is on the 12th of July.
          Guess what we had for dinner. ;-D
          Delicious!

  8. LauraCooks USA joined 7/16
    Posted July 30th, 2016 at 5:46 am | # |

    Maangchi, thank you for this recipe! I have been wanting to make this for a long time.
    Is there any difference for cooking Samgyetang in a dolsot? I am thinking about splitting this recipe so I can just make one. 감사합니다!

    • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08
      Posted August 1st, 2016 at 4:02 pm | # |

      “Is there any difference for cooking Samgyetang in a dolsot?” You can cook samgyetang either in a regular pot or in a dolsot. I would make samgyetang in a large pot so that you can cook it more easily without it boiling over, and then transfer it to a dolsot for serving. Good luck!

  9. reesejin corona joined 4/10
    Posted July 24th, 2016 at 8:54 pm | # |

    I’ve made this dish so many times now. It’s super easy to make and my husband loves it! Thank you Maangchi for sharing your recipes!

    • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08
      Posted July 25th, 2016 at 12:03 pm | # |

      I’m glad you have been enjoying this recipe! I feel like samgyetang now! : )

  10. gel122190 Davao City, Philippines joined 7/16
    Posted July 10th, 2016 at 11:38 pm | # |

    Hi Maangchi!

    I am from the Philippines and I don’t know where to find Ginseng root or Ginseng powder. I also have a lot of allergies and I don’t know if I’ll be allergic to Ginseng.. Any advice on what alternative I could use in place of Ginseng? I really want to try this, specially during colds/sickness season. Thank so much.

    • sanne Munich joined 8/14
      Posted July 11th, 2016 at 3:02 am | # |

      In that case, try it with ginger instead. It’s a different taste, but originally Korean, too (we’ve got the recipe from a dear Korean friend).
      And children can eat that one, too.

      • gel122190 Davao City, Philippines joined 7/16
        Posted July 13th, 2016 at 12:41 am | # |

        How many ginger should I use? should I use as much ginger as ginseng in this recipe? By the way, thank you so much for answering my question.. :)

        • sanne Munich joined 8/14
          Posted July 13th, 2016 at 1:45 am | # |

          Try the same amount on your first try and change it later according to your taste.
          You’re welcome! :-)

          Bye, Sanne.

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