LA style grilled beef short ribs

LA galbi LA 갈비

Galbi means “ribs” in Korean, and is a popular Korean dish served in many places. LA galbi is a style of galbi – barbecued beef short ribs – cut thinly (about ¼ inch thick) across the bones.

The first time I tried LA galbi was about 20 years ago when I visited my sister living in LA. She prepared LA galbi for me and my family. I enjoyed the galbi a lot even though I was a little surprised to see the short ribs cut thinly and across the bone.

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Regular galbi in Korea is cut differently. It’s cut across and along the bone. Each piece that goes on the grill is one section of the rib, with one piece of bone in it. It’s a lot thicker. LA galbi is only cut across the bone, not along, so each piece on the grill is a longer, thinner strip, and includes 3 pieces of bone.

The marinade is exactly same as authentic Korean galbi.

At the time I never asked why it’s called LA galbi. I assumed it was because it’s popular among Korean immigrants in America.

But writing this recipe I researched the origin of the name, I couldn’t find the real answer anywhere. So I like to become a detective today, investigating LA galbi:

Theory #1:
LA galbi is cut laterally, so the name comes from the first 2 letters of the word “lateral.”

Theory #2:
Korean immigrants living in Los Angeles, California innovated this cut.

In my personal opinion, theory #2 seems more likely. If  #1 theory is true, where is the HO galbi (from the word horizontal)? : )

LA galbi had already existed before I tasted it 20 years ago, but I’ve never seen any other culture use this particular cut of short ribs for BBQ, only Koreans. If your culture also uses this cut, let me know in the comments. But as far as I know, it’s unique (note: as I learned, this cut is popular in Mexico).

Last year I had a chance to go a BBQ picnic with about 20 Americans. I brought my marinated LA galbi to let them taste it. Surprisingly, none of them had seen or tasted LA galbi before. They loved my LA galbi and more than 1 year later they’re still talking about how good it was.

But if Koreans invented LA galbi, there must be someone or some group of chefs responsible, somewhere. If you’re the inventor, or know who he or she is, please contact me at [email protected] I want to interview you! You can share the history of LA galbi and the origin of the name, I’m very curious about it.

Ingredients (for 4-6 servings)

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Directions

  1. Trim excess fat from the short ribs and rinse a couple times in cold water.
  2. Soak the ribs in cold water for 10-20 minutes to remove the blood.

Make marinade:

  1. In a large bowl, add ⅓ cup soy sauce, ⅓ cup water or cooking wine, ¼ cup honey (or ⅓ cup brown sugar), and 1 ts ground black pepper.
  2. Blend 1 Korean pear (about 2 cups’ worth), 8 cloves of garlic, 1 medium onion, and 1 ts of chopped ginger until it turns into a white creamy liquid.
  3. Add it to your soy sauce base and add 2 tbs sesame oil.
    *tip: If you can’t find a Korean pear, use 2 ripe bosc pears. I sometimes use bosc pears and they work well. 
  4. Rinse the short ribs in fresh cold water a couple more times to remove any remaining bone fragments. Drain the water.
  5. Add the ribs to the marinade and mix it well, by hand.
  6. Keep it in the refrigerator for at least an hour. Overnight is better, but an hour is ok if you are short of time.

Make ssamjang dipping sauce: (see video)

  1. Mix these 2 tbs soy bean paste, 1 tbs of hot pepper paste, 1 stalk of chopped green onion, 1 clove of minced garlic, 1 ts honey, 1 ts of sesame oil, and 1 ts sesame seeds in a small bowl with a spoon.

Prepare vegetables:

  1. Rinse and drain lettuce and perilla leaves. Put them on a plate or basket.
  2. Cut a cucumber into strips 3½ inch to 4 inches in length and ½ inch thick (8-10 cm long x1½ cm thick),
  3. Chop green chili peppers and slice a few cloves of raw garlic and put them next to green lettuce and perilla leaves.

Let’s cook and eat!

  1. Grill, pan fry, or BBQ the ribs. The LA style cut is thin, so they’re cooked much faster than usual ribs. It takes only about 5 minutes!
  2. When the both sides are cooked, put them on a serving plate.  Cut the meat part off the bone with scissors into bite sized pieces.
  3. Put a piece of meat on top of a lettuce leaf and a periilla leaf. Add dipping sauce, garlic, and a piece of green chili pepper. Fold it over into a small package, and pop it into your mouth in one bite!

You can serve this with rice and kimchi, too.

Enjoy the recipe!

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145 Comments:

  1. leexande Brazil joined 8/17
    Posted August 19th, 2017 at 10:23 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi,

    I am from Brazil and Asian Pears are expansive and seasonal.

    Is it possible to exchange the pears for pineapple?

    Thanks

    • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08
      Posted August 23rd, 2017 at 11:16 am | # |

      Yes, sure, you can use pineapple.

      • leexande Brazil joined 8/17
        Posted August 23rd, 2017 at 11:44 am | # |

        Thanks for your reply, but pineapple did not worked… the meat got too softened.

        • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08
          Posted August 23rd, 2017 at 11:58 am | # |

          Oh, you made it already! Yes, I forgot to mention, you shouldn’t marinate for a long time like you would with pear, otherwise the meat will lose all texture. Some people also use kiwi to tenderize the meat, but if you marinate longer than an hour the meat will lose some texture. If you use pineapple or kimi, marinate from 30 min to an hour.

          • leexande Brazil joined 8/17
            Posted August 23rd, 2017 at 1:23 pm | # |

            Anyway, thanks for your fast reply!

            I also read that some people used 7-up to tenderize…. I will stick to any pear available on the market like williams.

            On the other hand, your kimchi recipe worked very well!

            Thanks from Brazil!

  2. anggelazhou Canada joined 8/17
    Posted August 7th, 2017 at 11:05 pm | # |

    Hi Maanchi!
    Thanks for the recipes! I just wanted to know if I could use the same marinade for chicken as well?

  3. eba-san01 joined 7/15
    Posted November 5th, 2016 at 11:59 pm | # |

    I made these ribs (using the thinnest beef ribs I found) last weekend with my bestie (along with some pan-fried beef slices and Jjajangmyeon) and had a fun Korean BBQ girls night-in.

    They came out great. I don’t have a grill so I baked them.

    I baked them in a lightly oiled, foil-lined shallow pan. I covered the ribs with some of the leftover marinade (about half a cup) and baked them covered with foil for 30 mins at 400 degrees. I then broiled them on low for 10-12mins each side to get that grill colour.


    See full size image

    • Maangchi New York City joined 8/08
      Posted November 9th, 2016 at 12:13 am | # |

      Your galbi looks great! I also use my oven sometimes, especially when I make a lot. I use a large baking pan and my oven broiler.

  4. dax GA joined 10/16
    Posted October 6th, 2016 at 1:37 pm | # |

    This style of short ribs is called “flanken cut.” It has nothing to do with L.A. The Chinese use these in many dishes. They cut pork spare ribs the same way.

  5. Savvy Sage USA joined 7/16
    Posted July 19th, 2016 at 8:53 pm | # |

    I like the way you made the Galbi.

  6. Miss Kim78 socali joined 3/13
    Posted May 11th, 2016 at 12:45 pm | # |

    When going on long road trips where Korean food may be scarce, I tend to crave it even more. I get tired of the random pit stops, stopping by the nearest McDonald’s, or waiting and waiting to find a decent place to eat. I prefer packing my own food. On my recent 1,800 mile road trip, I took a burner and ice boxes packed with food. My favorite moment was when grilling galbi! Grilled galbi along with kimchi jjigae so hit the spot. I have many memories of childhood road trips. I was never fond of road trips as a child and was often dragged. But my favorite part about it was always the food. Galbi and kimchi jjigae were a couple of the delicious items that we were never without on road trips. And it had a lot of influence on what I decided to bring along for my last road trip. http://www.behgopa.com/2016/05/my-road-trip-to-utah-and-things-i-ate.html

  7. Thalasshaya joined 1/16
    Posted January 7th, 2016 at 12:55 am | # |

    I see a few people have chimed in and let you know this cut is called “flanken” style ribs sometimes. It’s a reasonably common cut in Jewish cooking, often braised.

  8. logam11 joined 12/15
    Posted December 16th, 2015 at 9:22 pm | # |

    Hi Maangchi,

    How would you recommend cooking Galbi in the oven?

    Thanks!

  9. Emilykosan joined 7/15
    Posted July 27th, 2015 at 10:56 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi,

    Thank you for your recipes. I love them. Although i tried this LA galbi a few time, every time i grill it on a indoor bbq it gets burn very fast becauee if the sauce. What can i do about that???

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