Radish water kimchi

Dongchimi 동치미

Dongchimi literally means “winter kimchi” because it’s traditionally made right before the cold winter starts in Korea. In late fall, we can find small, palm-sized radishes in the market, and we start thinking “Oh, it’s time to make dongchimi already!” The radishes harvested around that time of year are firm, crispy, and sweet.

But these days the small radishes are seen year ’round in Korean grocery stores here in North America. You can make dongchimi anytime, whenever you find good quality radishes.


Actually, you don’t have to stick to small radishes. I have to tell you about my grandmother’s dongchimi:

When I was high school in Seoul, I lived with my grandparents. My grandmother made her dongchimi in a huge earthenware pot. She used regular-sized radish which is very large, heavy, crispy, juicy, and sweet.

Some leftover radishes were wrapped in newspaper in a plastic bag. She peeled and cut them into sticks. That’s our snack! Crispy and sweet! But you can’t compare the sweetness with cupcakes or chocolate. It was sweet enough for us though. All of my siblings were eating radish sticks just like rabbits quietly, “sheguruk shegruk…” into the long winter night : ) When you find radishes where the green part is larger than the white part, they are usually sweeter.

When I was in my high school, I had 3 best friends. We sometimes cooked together, so every time we got together, we needed to decide what to cook. It was usually just a simple dessert such as fried apple fruit balls, kimchi jjigae, or Korean style curry rice.

My friends met in my house one day. They tasted my grandmother’s dongchimi when we had lunch together. All of them kept saying: “Wow, delicious, cool, ahh.. this is like pop soda!”

Yes, I usually drank the broth straight out of the bowl instead of using a spoon. Spooning was too slow to satisfy my thirst for the delicious broth.

Because my grandmother made a huge amount dongchimi, we could enjoy it for a long time. Her earthenware pots, filled with dongchimi, were in the corner of our garden and there was a layer of ice frozen on the top.

One day my friends and I were planning to get together in another friends’ house. Everybody asked each other what they would bring. My 3 friends said to me at the same time: “Dongchimi! Bring it in a big bucket!” : )

I didn’t learn this recipe from my grandmother. This recipe is my own mother’s recipe. When I visited her in LA, she let me taste her dongchimi. It was so tasty. My mother actually places the salted radish in a jar in a cool place at home for a couple of days instead of putting it in the fridge, as I do in the recipe. I modified her recipe a little by placing the jar in the fridge because lots of my readers are living in warm countries. What if their dongchimi goes bad during the salting process? Best to keep it in the fridge.

I will post my dongchimi guksu recipe soon. If you make dongchimi, it will be perfect timing to make guksu when my next video is released.

Enjoy this recipe! Salute! : )


  • 7-8 small palm-sized Korean radishes, about 5 pounds’ worth (2½ kg)
  • ⅓ cup salt
  • 4 garlic cloves, minced
  • 2 ts worth of ginger, minced
  • 2-3 green chili peppers, stemmed
  • 2-3 red chili peppers, washed and stemmed
  • 1 cup worth of Korean pear, cut into chunks (can be replaced with 2 sweet bosc pears)
  • 3 green onions (including the roots), washed and drained
  • ½ cup worth onion, sliced into pieces ¼ inch thick
  • 2 liters (9 cups) of water


You’ll also need a large glass jar that can hold 6 quarts (6 liters), or 24 cups.

dongchimi radish



  1. Wash the radishes in cold water with a sponge to remove any dirt.
  2. Put ⅓ cup sea salt or kosher salt in a large and shallow bowl. Roll each radish in salt with your hands to coat evenly.
  3. Put the salted radish into the glass jar.
  4. Put some green radish leaves on top and add the leftover salt.
  5. Close the lid and keep it in the refrigerator for 4-5 days.

Adding water and spices

  1. Wrap ginger and garlic in cheese cloth and tie the ends. Place it inside the jar.
  2. Make a few tiny holes in red and green chili peppers with a fork, and add them to the jar.
  3. Add the onion, green onions, and pear.
  4. Pour in about 2 liters of water (9 cups) and stir the brine mixture with a wooden spoon to evenly distribute the salt.
  5. Close the lid and let it sit at room temperature for 2-3 days until it ferments. When it ferments, the brine will get a little milky and it will taste a little sour. It will also smell sour and some bubbles will float to the surface. At that point, always store it in the refrigerator and take some out whenever you serve it.


  1. Serve with rice, noodles, steamed sweet potato, steamed potato, or rice cake.
  2. Cut one radish into half lengthwise. Slice one of the halves into ⅛ inch thick half-moon shape pieces, or slice it into 1½ inch x ½ inch and ½ inch thick strips.
  3. Place it in a serving bowl and add the fermented brine
  4. Garnish with chopped green leaves, red and green chili pepper.
  5. Serve cold, with some ice cubes if you like.



  1. Hangooksaram Fort Lee, NJ My profile page joined 1/17
    Posted January 6th, 2017 at 8:45 am | # |

    안녕하세요 망치님, all your delicious and easy kimchi videos finally made me want to make one so I settled on the dong kimchi. My Hmart sold the dong kimchi radish with the tops on and after cleaning it, I’m left with tons of radish tops! I know my mom would never throw this away! Lol. But in your video, you only used the small radish tops in the dong kimchi recipe and I heard most people omit these and opt for smaller radish tops or 갓…?? Any suggestions as to what I should do with my radish tops? Thank you!

    See full size image

  2. ahw Los Angeles My profile page joined 10/16
    Posted October 26th, 2016 at 2:18 pm | # |

    I’m making dongchimi for the second time now. I can’t wait for it to be ready!

    See full size image

  3. xwerox kalbar,indonesia My profile page joined 9/16
    Posted September 14th, 2016 at 11:34 am | # |

    can i use ponytail radish instead of korean radish?im sure there is no korean radish and daikon in small city.

  4. lhelinski Washington, DC My profile page joined 8/16
    Posted August 9th, 2016 at 3:09 pm | # |

    I love this recipe! I’ve made it at least 4 times now, whenever I find good sized radishes at the Korean market or at the farmer’s market. The first few times, I did not have cheese cloth, so I used the fine mesh netting bag that lemons come in. I just knotted it at both ends! The other times, I used a cloth drawstring bags made for aromatics. I think that netting or cheesecloth are better, because they let the water move through better. After lots of searching for a big jar, I settled on a large glass Fido jar. Although the mouth is a little small, it works just fine! When I keep kimchi in plastic, I find that the smell does not come out if you want to use it for other things later (I don’t have a dishwasher!).

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  5. Masschan London, UK My profile page joined 7/16
    Posted July 23rd, 2016 at 8:58 am | # |

    Thank you for this Maangchi! I have just tried some of the dongchimi I made using your recipe and it tastes so good! I can’t wait to make dongchimi guksu as it’s been so hot recently.
    My friend is always joking to me that my stomach was born in the wrong country as I have really old fashioned Korean tastes ^.^

    See full size image

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted July 25th, 2016 at 12:50 pm | # |

      “…my stomach was born in the wrong country as I have really old fashioned Korean tastes” It’s so funny! You are going to make dongchimi noodle soup with your homemade dongchimi! Yes, you definitely know Korean food and make an effort to get the real Korean taste.

  6. Jenjenwong My profile page joined 12/15
    Posted December 23rd, 2015 at 9:10 pm | # |

    Hi Maangchi, I recently visited Korea and learnt about this dish Dongchimi. I love it so much and wanted to make myself. Try your recipe but I might have put in too much sea salt. What can I do then? Thanks for sharing your comment.

    • sanne Munich My profile page joined 8/14
      Posted December 24th, 2015 at 7:05 am | # |

      Hi Jenjenwong,

      don’t worry, this saltiness may slow the fermentation down a bit, but won’t affect the radishes themselves. To serve, you have to dilute the broth down with water anyways.

      Merry Christmas!

      Bye, Sanne.

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted December 24th, 2015 at 10:04 am | # |

      I would fix it this way:
      Boil some water and let cool thoroughly, add crushed pear (any kinds of pears), then strain and squeeze out the pulp from the pears. Add it to the salty dongchimi and mix it well. it will taste good.

  7. kimchiaddict My profile page joined 4/15
    Posted May 18th, 2015 at 7:31 pm | # |

    hi maanchi, just a pix of the dongchimi i just set out to ferment. l already dried my daykons to make danmuji tomorrow, on top of jar, and will make it with chija and rice bran. i do not like takuan made the japanese way, and nobody makes danmuji to sell around here, sooo here we go… c u in a month of maassaages…

    See full size image

  8. kimchiaddict My profile page joined 4/15
    Posted May 3rd, 2015 at 5:53 pm | # |

    Hi Maangchi!
    great recipe as always! but this time I wanted to make some dongchimi quickly, so I cut up the radishes in chunks of 5×1 cm, let them ferment for 24 hs, added some rice syrup, (half my asian pear was already fermenting inside), water and adjusted the salt with a saturated salt solution. In addition the radish leaves were not very fresh, so I did put in some sprigs of flat parsley. I just made 4 liters, and I would like to know if it’s ok, or if I should take it out by tomorrow? in another recipe, you used it to replace mugwort…
    so, now to make my Kkatdugi, and tomorrow a large pot of Baechu Mak Kimchi! and BTW another question: can I add sauejeot AND some of my fermented squid in my Baechu K.C.? If I watch out for the salt content?
    and thanks again for all the fish!

  9. Matilda.Kramer Sweden My profile page joined 1/13
    Posted November 29th, 2014 at 5:29 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi!
    Unfortunately, it’s hard to get my hands on good Korean ingredients where I live. So I improvised with turnip. Everything is in the can and now I’m waiting for the result!

  10. Lynnjamin New York My profile page I'm a fan! joined 11/14
    Posted November 21st, 2014 at 10:10 am | # |

    This recipe got really great reviews from my guests who grew up in Korea. The husband could not believe that it was possible to learn how to make this purely from Youtube and not from one’s own mother or grandmother. Well, Maangchi is standing in for a Korean mother for many of us, I think!

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted November 23rd, 2014 at 10:22 am | # |

      I’m happy to hear that everyone liked your dongchimi! Yes, it’s possible to make delicious Korean food from my recipes, because I’ve been working on these recipes for decades!

  11. KoreanKraut PA My profile page joined 11/12
    Posted September 3rd, 2014 at 9:39 am | # |


    I followed your recipe, and was rewarded with the sweet sweet taste I remember from my youth. It is amazing how a smell or taste can take you back so many years, for me about 45 years, since I was able to enjoy that sweet briny taste. I have posted before, and once again Thank You for what you do. My mother passed away when I was young and I lost those wonderful smells, and tastes when she went. Today and through your recipes I can re-live those lost memories and enjoy such a re-birth of my heritage thru the delicious Korean cuisine.

    Thank you once again.

    Korean Kraut

    P.S. Some day I’ll have to come to NYC to meet you, it would be a pleasure.

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted September 3rd, 2014 at 11:33 am | # |

      Thank you for sharing your touching story about your mom! Even though your mom passed away when you were very young, you still remember the taste and the smell of her food!

  12. mikalwilliams My profile page joined 5/11
    Posted June 9th, 2014 at 6:41 pm | # |

    Manngchi, after the 2 days at room temp I tested it. The brine is delicious but the radish were not fermeted, it has been about 70 degrees in the house. The radish was about the same size as in the video. Anyways, so I cut the radish in half length wise and out it back so it can ferment a little more. What do you think? Thank you.

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted June 11th, 2014 at 11:19 am | # |

      yes, it’s normal. The brine will taste a little sour but the radish won’t. “I cut the radish in half length wise and out it back so it can ferment a little more.” smart! : )

  13. Polarean New Jersey My profile page joined 5/13
    Posted February 4th, 2014 at 6:17 pm | # |

    Hi Maangchi,
    This may seem like a simple question, but I don’t have cheese cloth! anything I can use instead? I have a metal strainer ball I use for soup, is that ok?

  14. Dan Seattle, Washington, US My profile page joined 2/11
    Posted June 14th, 2013 at 2:22 pm | # |

    Hey Maangchi! A friend of mine wants to make these and he wonders if it’s OK to use a plastic container instead of a glass one. Basically we buy dong chi mi at the local Korean store and it comes in a plastic jar, so he was thinking of just using that. Does this sound OK or is glass preferable? Thanks!

  15. Nicole4ever Las Vegas, Nevada My profile page joined 2/11
    Posted May 30th, 2013 at 7:39 pm | # |

    Hi Maangchi, I’ve been watching a lot of Korean cooking shows lately. This looks like the White Kimichi they make. Is it the same? I’ve been really wanting to try it. Sorry don’t have much experience with Korean cooking. Just what you’ve taught me. Thank you for your responses on my other posts.

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted May 31st, 2013 at 6:17 am | # |

      yes, they look similar but different. White kimchi called baekkimchi is made with napa cabbage and dongchimi is usually made with radishes. And also the recipes are different. Baekkimchi is one of my upcoming recipes. Good luck with your Korean cooking! : )

  16. Polarean New Jersey My profile page joined 5/13
    Posted May 5th, 2013 at 12:29 pm | # |

    Hi Maangchi! My question is, after its finished, about how long is good for? My question goes for most kimchi as well. I know some kimchi tastes better after its fermented a lil longer, but is there ever a point where its actually “gone bad”?

  17. dragonlee London, England My profile page joined 12/12
    Posted March 4th, 2013 at 6:18 am | # |

    Hello! I was just wondering if I could change the pear to an apple?

  18. ang gelo Philippines My profile page joined 2/13
    Posted February 6th, 2013 at 6:54 am | # |

    Hi maangchi! Im about to try to make dongchimi and im real excited about it. However when i went to the grocery store, daikon radish is not available- only the long radishes are available. Can i use them for your recipe? If yes, do they taste the same? Thanks!

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted February 6th, 2013 at 11:28 am | # |

      yes, any type of firm radishes will work well with this recipe. Good luck!

      • ang gelo Philippines My profile page joined 2/13
        Posted February 10th, 2013 at 1:38 am | # |

        Maangchi, i couldnt get rid of those brownish spots on the skin of my radishes so i peeled them. How would it affect my dongchimi??? Also i couldnt find radishes with green parts still on it but i continued salting my radishes without green leaves. Is it just okay? :-)

  19. Moonrose Austin, TX My profile page joined 1/12
    Posted August 10th, 2012 at 8:38 pm | # |

    The mu in my local korean mart were HUGE! I had to double-check they weren’t daikon, but they were the korean radishes, just the size of my arm up to the elbow!! Would it still be the same process if I just cut them down to pieces about the size of my fist? (small hands!) I bought some dongchimi already made so I can make guksu for my boyfriend and I, but I am looking forward to fermenting my first delicious thing =) I haven’t tried kimchi yet, I’m afraid our roommate might get cranky -.- He will have to just deal with it soon though, because I want to make my own for jjigae!

    gamsahapnida! ^_^

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted August 11th, 2012 at 11:13 am | # |

      “I just cut them down to pieces about the size of my fist?” yes, that’s a good idea. : )

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