Ponytail kimchi

Chonggak-kimchi 총각김치

Hi everybody!
I’m very excited to introduce chonggak-kimchi to you today, a special kind of kimchi made with radishes called chonggakmu. Chonggak-kimchi is often translated as “ponytail kimchi.” I think it’s an awesome translation because the name not only sounds cute but the greens on the radish look like real ponytail. You’ll never forget the name once you hear it.

The radish is firm and crispy and the greens are soft, so you can imagine the texture and taste of this kimchi: both crunchy and smooth. This kind of radish is not found in many countries outside for Korea, but I found a few companies that sell the seeds online, so you can grow your own.


But you can easily get this radish at a Korean grocery store. Ask them, “I’m looking for chonggakmu!” “I want to make chonggak-kimchi!” Good quality chonggakmu have a radish that looks like a cute curvy bulb, and are not more than 4 inches long, with soft greens.

My late father used to love this kimchi. I still remember the crunchy sound that came from his mouth when he ate it. The sound that I remember still stimulates my appetite for this kimchi. Whenever I eat this kimchi, I want to make the sound just as my father did. “sheeguruk sheeguruk” : )

When I lived in Canada, one day I went to a Korean vegetable farm with my friends, 1 hour by car from Toronto. The farm was several acres and run by a Korean man growing a variety of Korean vegetables. Once we found him in the field, he gave each of us a huge plastic garbage bag. “Fill this with cabbage from my field, and pay me $10 per bag.”

All we could think about was how to fill the bags the most efficiently. My friends and I were almost going crazy to stuff as much as we could into our bags. I filled 2 huge bags and my friends also made a few bags each. Our hands, clothes, under fingernails, the farm soil and dust was everywhere. We laughed at each other. “Haha, check out your face!”

After he got paid, he led us to his home on the farm, and made warm rice with a rice cooker. “I’m making rice for you now. When the rice is done, eat it with kimchi. That’s all I have for you.” He opened his refrigerator and took out a huge glass jar filled with ponytail kimchi! Rice and ponytail kimchi, that was our lunch! It was amazingly tasty and everybody made loud crunching sounds. “Ahh, delicious delicious!” I kept saying until I emptied 2 bowls of rice!


Chonggakmu (2 kilograms, or 4½ pounds), salt, onion, garlic, flour, sugar, fish sauce, hot pepper flakes, green onions


Total preparation time: 1½ hours

Prepare the radishes:

  1. Peel the radishes but keep the green stems attached. Cut off the tails and remove the dead leaves.
  2. Cut the radishes in half lengthwise. Grab the 2 halves with both hands, split the greens, and put them into a large basin or bowl. Repeat this until you’ve cleaned all the radishes.
    *tip: If the radishes are small bite sizes (about 2 inches long), skip this step

Salt the radishes:

  1. Add some cold water to the radishes in the basin, and then drain.
  2. Sprinkle the radishes with ½ cup of kosher salt and mix with your hands. Let it sit in the salt for 30 minutes.
  3. 30 minutes later, turn over the radishes so they salt evenly and let it sit for another 30 minutes. Total salting takes 1 hour.
  4. Wash the radishes thoroughly about 4-5 times to remove any dirt and excess salt, and drain in a colander.

Make porridge for the kimchi paste:

  1. Mix ¼ cup flour and 2 cups of water in a pot and heat over medium heat.
  2. Keep stirring until it thickens. When you see some bubbles, add 2 tbs sugar and stir for 1 more minute before removing from the heat.
  3. Cool it down.

Make kimchi!

  1. Mince 12 cloves of garlic and half a medium sized onion (about ½ cup worth of onion). Chop 5 stalks of green onion. Set aside.
  2. Transfer the porridge to a large mixing bowl.
  3. Add the minced garlic and onion, 1 cup hot pepper flakes, ¼ cup fish sauce, and the chopped green onions. Mix well.
  4. Add the ponytail radishes and mix well with your hands.
    *tip: Wear rubber gloves so that your hands won’t be sore later

You can eat it right after making it, but this kimchi is more tasty when it ferments.

To ferment:

  1. Transfer the kimchi to a glass jar or a plastic container and keep it at room temperature for a couple of days.
    *tip: When it ferments, it will smell and taste sour, and the color of the greens will change to olive green.
  2. When the kimchi ferments, scoop some kimchi juice from the bottom of the container to the top so that the top layer of the kimchi won’t dry out and your kimchi will be juicy.

Keep it in the refrigerator and enjoy!




  1. thekrnvegan Chicago, IL My profile page joined 3/16
    Posted December 14th, 2016 at 10:24 am | # |

    Maangchi! I am making these today using my own homemade vegan fish sauce! Thank you for always being such an inspiration. I think our tastebuds must be very similar because your food always tastes EXACTLY the way I always loved it growing up. :) I was so nervous that when I went vegan, I wouldn’t be able to eat all my favorite foods from when I was little, but I have learned so much from your videos and blogs over the past year that I have been able to eat almost all my favorite foods. Can’t wait to add these to my recipe box!

  2. medusagurlyeah Adelaide My profile page joined 1/14
    Posted November 7th, 2015 at 7:27 am | # |

    HI Maangchi,
    Is there any chance that I could use chonggak kimchi in place of baechu kimchi for kimchi jiggae if I’ve run out of the beach kimchi, or does that sound ridiculous? Thank you!

    • sanne Munich My profile page joined 8/14
      Posted November 7th, 2015 at 8:45 am | # |

      Hi Adelaide,

      Just slice the radishes thinly and use them as you would baechu kimchi.
      Use the green part, too!
      I’ve made kimchi jiggae with kkakdugi quite often. No problem.

      Bye, Sanne.

    • sanne Munich My profile page joined 8/14
      Posted November 7th, 2015 at 8:51 am | # |

      medusagurlyeah, of course!

      Sorry, got a slight fever.

  3. Sav_sss Canada (near Montreal) My profile page I'm a fan! joined 3/15
    Posted August 20th, 2015 at 7:49 pm | # |

    Do you know when those radish are in season?? is it now?? because i think i remember seeing them in my grocery store (my non-korean one lol) but it was like in febuary or something and i don’t remember seeing those again this year so i was wondering if it’s in the winter of the summer?

  4. tischlagerr My profile page joined 7/15
    Posted July 25th, 2015 at 6:31 pm | # |

    Hi Maangchi,
    Do you know whether the fresh radish is supposed to be salty? I mixed it with the kimchi paste and this is before fermentation but it’s a little salty. Will it become better after it becomes fermented?

  5. Mechtild My profile page joined 7/15
    Posted July 18th, 2015 at 2:39 pm | # |

    I tried this recipe yesterday with bok choy that I salted for 1 hour. We had it tonight with pork and green bean dumplings and both me and my husband really loved it. Yesterday we tried Oi-muchim and loved that too. Next I’m gonna try this with red radishes, which are in season i Sweden now.

    I saw that you had one grocery store listed for Malmö, Sweden but I wanted to give you a tip about another one: Kina Center Livs on Möllevångstorget 7. I bought hot pepper flakes and hot pepper paste there but they have a lot of other korean ingredients and vegetables. It’s a really well stocked asian grocery store.

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted July 19th, 2015 at 10:32 am | # |

      I’m glad to hear that you are doing some experiments with this recipe and they turn out successful! Red radish kimchi is great. I make it all the time.
      Can you upload the grocery store you mentioned here? Let’s put it in the list. http://www.maangchi.com/shopping

  6. kat_ vestal, NY My profile page joined 11/12
    Posted December 20th, 2013 at 11:22 am | # |

    wow i love this kimchi, i just ate it yesterday with my coworkers. its so crunchy . i will try making it. i already made your regular kimchi 6 times.kkk

    thank you so much for your recipes!!^^

  7. KrynauwOtto2 Pretoria, South Africa My profile page I'm a fan! joined 9/13
    Posted September 18th, 2013 at 8:19 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi,
    I know this has nothing to do with this recipe but can you please write my name in Korean?
    Its Krynauw, the pronunciation is Cray (as in crayfish) + no (as in yes- no)
    I would REALLY appreciate it!!!
    Thanks :)

  8. bellehorn Ohio My profile page joined 8/13
    Posted August 17th, 2013 at 9:12 pm | # |

    Hi, I just joined. I’ve been watching your recipes on you tube for a while now and your recipes always look delicious. I was wondering if you could use the little red radishes. Where i live, there is not a Korean store for like 30 miles. If you cant use them in this kimchi recipe, is there
    any kimchi that you can use them in?

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted August 18th, 2013 at 12:18 pm | # |

      yes, red radishes will work well. I sometimes use them and always happy about the result.

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