Mandu 만두


Make filling:

  1. Place 1 cup of ground pork and 2 cups of ground beef into a big bowl.
  2. Add 1 ts of salt, 1 tbs of sesame oil, ½ ts of ground pepper and mix it by hand and push the mixture of meat on the side of the bowl.
  3. Wash some Asian chives (buchu), and dry well with a paper towel or cotton cloth. Chop them into 2 cups’ worth of chives. Add 1 tbs of oil and mix it up. Place it in the big bowl next to the ground meat.
    tip: the oil coats the vegetables so they retain their moisture
  4. Chop 4-5 soaked shiitake mushrooms and half an onion. Put them into a small bowl.
  5. Add 1 ts of soy sauce, 1 ts of sugar, and 2 ts of sesame oil to the small bowl. Mix by hand and transfer it to the big bowl.
  6. Squeeze a half package of tofu with a cotton cloth or paper towel and put it into a small bowl. Add a pinch of salt and 1 ts of sesame oil. Mix it by hand and then put it next to chopped chives.
  7. In the big bowl, add 3 cloves of minced garlic and mix all ingredients by hand. This is your mandu filling.

Now we’re ready to make mandu. For fried mandu:

  1. Put some of the filling mixture into the center of a mandu skin.
  2. Use your fingertips to apply a little cold water to one edge of the skin. This will act as a sealant when you fold it over.
  3. Fold skin in half over filling and press edges together to make ripple shape.
  4. Place some vegetable oil on heated pan and add the mandu you made.
  5. Lower the heat to low-medium and put the lid on the pan to cook.
  6. Turn over each mandu a few minutes later. Add 2-3 tbs of water and put the lid back on the pan. Cook a few minutes more over low heat.
  7. When the mandu is golden brown, transfer it to a plate.
  8. Serve hot with a dipping sauce made of equal parts vinegar and soy sauce.

For mandu soup:

  1. In a pot, place 6 cups of water, 8 dried anchovies, the leftover shiitake mushroom stems, and the leftover onion. Boil it over medium heat for 20-30 minutes. If too much water evaporates, add more.
  2. When the stock is done, remove the anchovies and onion.
  3. Add 1 ts of fish sauce, 2 cloves of minced garlic, and some of your mandu. Keep the lid on the pot. You can add some more salt if you want.
  4. When the mandu has cooked, it will float to the top.
  5. Add 1 beaten egg, 2 sliced green onions: Done!
  6. Serve hot with a bowl of kimchi, and ground pepper to taste.


Other delicious stuff on maangchi.com:


  1. yumers My profile page joined 5/15
    Posted May 13th, 2015 at 10:01 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi! Thank you for making Korean cooking so fun and easy. :). I made Mandu the other day but ran out of wrappers. The mixed filling is in my fridge. How long is it good for? I’m hoping to get more wrappers today. Thank you!!

  2. janexoxo1 My profile page joined 5/15
    Posted May 10th, 2015 at 10:38 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi! I love your recipe! I just made your kimchi recipe yesterday and it was a great success :D I never knew making kimchi can be so tiring, but it’s really fun! I have another reason now to respect Korean Women ;) Btw, I looooove mandu but as I am living alone, I can’t finish this alone….. so is it okay if I saved some of it in the fridge? If it’s okay, would it better for me to save the uncooked ones or should I cook it first then put it on the fridge?

    Thank you
    Jane :)

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted May 10th, 2015 at 11:06 am | # |

      Hi Jane!
      I’m very happy to hear that you made good kimchi! From now on, you can make kimchi anytime you need it. Kimchi making day is tiring day but the more you make kimchi, the easier it gets.
      You can freeze mandu for later use. What I do is that I put freshly made mandu on a large plate, layered with plastic wrap, to prevent them from sticking to each other. If I have more mandu, I cover the plate with another layer of plastic wrap, and put the mandu on top of the first layer.
      Lastly, I cover the top with plastic wrap, and freeze. 1 day later, take it out, and put the frozen mandu into a plastic bag. Seal it and put them back into the freezer.
      Good luck with your Korean cooking!

  3. LarryB Newport Coast, CA My profile page joined 3/15
    Posted March 4th, 2015 at 12:11 pm | # |

    Hi Maangchi, I am new to your website and love your mandu recipe. I am going to try to make them this weekend for my brother’s birthday. My mom’s Korean and father is white, but she made one dish periodically — Mandu. My dad added sour cream and red wine vinegar to the beef broth which apparently is how the Russians eat this kind of soup. It is my favorite way to eat mandu soup. Anyway, I lost my mom last year and was looking for a mandu recipe to make so that I can remember her meals and honor her. Your recipe is the one I chose. One question that I have — is the Tofu soft or firm? Thank you very much. Larry.

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted March 4th, 2015 at 12:19 pm | # |

      It’s medium firm tofu. Thank you for sharing the story about your mom. You miss her and the food she used to make for you, so you’ll be thinking of your mom while making mandu. It makes me feel touched. Good luck with your Korean cooking!

      • LarryB Newport Coast, CA My profile page joined 3/15
        Posted March 4th, 2015 at 1:12 pm | # |

        Thank you so much for your prompt reply! wow! I will take a picture and share it with your fans. Also, I am preordering your cookbook now. Best, Larry.

  4. Nathan W WA, USA My profile page joined 9/14
    Posted September 29th, 2014 at 9:23 pm | # |

    So, I had to use some substitutions…but it still turned out great! I used ground lamb for the pork, soy sauce for fish sauce, used extra green onions in place of the buchu (only about 1 cup), and substituted cooked rice for the tofu. I fried and salted them, trying to recreate the memory of the mandu the little Ajumma in Anjeong-ri would sell.

    It was…somewhat successful in that endeavor. Of course nothing can replace the memory of the grease-soaked paper bag full of that fried food heaven, but something else happened with my substitutions. I think it was the lamb that did it, but there was a hint of something from the British Isles in there – as if my mandu had dreamt of being cornish pasties. It was awesome.

    Thank you for the recipe and you definitely have a new fan!

    • MTBrian United States My profile page joined 11/14
      Posted November 17th, 2014 at 6:55 pm | # |

      The street food I ate when stationed at Camp Humphreys 12 years ago will be in my mind forever. Fried food, chicken on a stick, and Miss Chois steak sandwiches. Mr Lee’s stand was my favorite.

  5. Joanna Wong Singapore My profile page joined 7/14
    Posted July 16th, 2014 at 9:43 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi,
    I am so happy making your mandu receipe, My sisters, husband, son and neigbhours all love it!. They all said the mandu tasted so nice! :-)

  6. Alex Kai Penang My profile page joined 6/14
    Posted June 4th, 2014 at 12:06 am | # |

    Hi Maangchi,Can I Put some fish into the Mandu?

  7. Ally1982 Sydney, Australia My profile page joined 5/14
    Posted May 20th, 2014 at 9:24 am | # |

    Dear Maangchi

    I have one question when you say half a packet of tofu…how many grams is this? Many thanks!


  8. hilaryfinchumsung seoul My profile page joined 1/14
    Posted January 30th, 2014 at 12:10 am | # |

    My little boys and I just made your mandu and ate 만두국 and 깍두기 for lunch. Sooooo good! I have to tell you, I am so grateful for you. I live in Seoul, but neither my sisters-in-law nor my mother-in-law have wanted to teach me how to cook Korean food.They tell me, “너무 복잡해서 하지 마.” I really thought real Korean cooking (beyond ramen and 김치 찌개) was too difficult and that, with my busy work schedule and family, I’d never have time to cool real, substantial Korean meals.Then I found your site, your wonderful videos and you–you’re like the sister-in-law I’ve always wanted. You make it seem so simple and basic, even when it’s not. Most importantly you’ve made me realize I can do it (definitely with your help). You are an angel–thank you! Now, I can go into a grocery store in my Seoul neighborhood with confidence and I am making yummy, healthy food every time I get a chance. Next up: 떡국 (with some of that mandu tossed in^^)~새해 복 많이 받으세요!

    • Maangchi New York City My profile page joined 8/08
      Posted May 21st, 2014 at 10:09 am | # |

      Sorry about the late reply!
      Thank you for sharing the story about your Korean cooking. I’m sure your Korean cooking skill has improved a lot since you posted this comment.
      Good luck with your Korean cooking!

  9. KoreanByHeritage My profile page joined 9/13
    Posted September 27th, 2013 at 6:43 pm | # |

    I usually just buy mandu frozen, but I tried this recipe for a cooking competition at the office. Basically, they were a hit! Many people told me that they were very flavorful and delicious, even if they got soggy from being reheated in a heating oven. I served them with some soy sauce mixed with rice vinegar, sesame seeds, and green onion. Thanks for the recipe!

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