Cubed radish kimchi

Kkakdugi 깍두기

Kkakdugi is a type of kimchi made from diced radish. It’s a very common kind of kimchi and often used in Korean everyday meals along with baechu kimchi (napa cabbage kimchi).

I posted a video about how to make kimchi in 2007, when I had just started using YouTube. I showed how to make both baechu kimchi and kkakdugi in a single video, but I didn’t provide exact measurements as I wasn’t accustomed to measuring things out at that time. I mentioned things like “you need 2 medium sized napa cabbages…” But I soon realized that it would be diffcult for people to make their own kimchi without knowing the exact pounds, kilos, cups and spoons etc.


So last year I posted an easy kimchi recipe that calls for 10 pounds of napa cabbage, and I tried to do my best to provide accurate measurements so that my viewers and readers could make delicious kimchi.

Now I’m posting my kkakdugi recipe today. You can make delicious kkakdugi in an hour!


Korean radish (or daikon), salt, sugar, fish sauce, hot pepper flakes, green onions, garlic, ginger.


  1. Peel 4 pounds of Korean radish (or daikon).
  2. Rinse in cold water and pat dry.
  3. Cut it into ¾ to 1 inch cubes. Put into a large bowl.
  4. Add 2 tbs salt, 2 tbs sugar, and mix well.
    *tip: If you like your kkakdugi sweeter, add 1 or more extra tbs of sugar.
  5. Set aside for 30 minutes.
  6. Drain the juice from the radish into a small bowl.
  7. Add 2 tbs minced garlic (about 5-6 cloves garlic), 1 ts minced ginger, 4 stalks of chopped green onions, ¼ cup fish sauce, 2/3 cup hot pepper flakes, and ⅓ cup of the juice from the radish.
    *tip: The amount of hot pepper flakes you use depends on your taste; use ¼ cup hot pepper flakes for a mild version. For a vegetarian version, replace fish sauce with soy sauce.
  8. Mix it up well until the seasonings coat the radish cubes evenly, and the radish looks juicy.
  9. Put the kkakdugi into a glass jar and press down on the top of it to remove any air from between the radish cubes.
  10. You can eat it right away, and then store it in the refrigerator. Or you can let it ferment by keeping it outside of the refrigerator for a few days. When it starts fermenting, little bubbles may appear on top of the kkakdugi and it’ll smell strong & sour. Then put it in the refrigerator.

Kkakdugi goes with kongnamulguk (soybean sprout soup) and ox bone soup.




  1. Collinyu Taiwan joined 2/18
    Posted February 2nd, 2018 at 11:44 pm | # |

    깍두기 done too
    I actually used what’s left from the making 오이소박이 and then mixed with radish water

    See full size image

  2. BernardC Western Australia joined 12/17
    Posted December 27th, 2017 at 3:03 am | # |

    Great Christmas gift.

    See full size image

  3. Jenster520 SoCal joined 6/17
    Posted June 26th, 2017 at 3:55 pm | # |

    I really love the details of her instructions. Very easy to follow. Thanks Maangchi!!!

  4. MortenWadt Denmark, Northern Sealand joined 5/17
    Posted May 27th, 2017 at 4:57 am | # |

    I made my first Kkakdugi on wednesday this week, and we started eating from it friday….so deliscious!!! I live in denmark, so i had to really recalculate the measurements of the recipe to danish measurements, but it worked out so well!!! i still have leftovers and i can’t stop eating it! also i feel like i have more energy today than other days, i attribute that to my deliscious kkakdugi and mmy Yak-Gochujang :D Thank you so much for your great work here Maanchi :D

  5. Jazlinyu Port angeles joined 4/17
    Posted April 29th, 2017 at 5:03 am | # |

    Just made some tonight Excited to see how it turns out. Iv never made kimchi before but this was my favorite type sense I was a little girl.

    See full size image

  6. Carl O Auckland, New Zealand joined 4/17
    Posted April 15th, 2017 at 9:44 pm | # |

    Hi Maangchi. I made Kkakdugi yesterday. It has already started fermenting and is delicious. I added some buchu to the recipe as I had some left over from making Tongbaechu-kimchi. Thank you for your fun videos and great recipes.

    See full size image

  7. Hazelp267r Philippines joined 3/17
    Posted March 11th, 2017 at 9:45 pm | # |

    Hi is it ok without ginger?

    Thank you

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